CHAP17.docx - CHAPTER 17 The East Asian World Emperor Kangxi strong Qing dynasty emperor 1661 – 1722 December 1717 he returned from a hunting trip

CHAP17.docx - CHAPTER 17 The East Asian World Emperor...

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CHAPTER 17 The East Asian World Emperor Kangxi - strong Qing dynasty emperor - 1661 – 1722 - December 1717: he returned from a hunting trip north of the Great Wall and began to suffer from dizzy spells - conscious of his approaching date w/ mortality called his sons and leading govt officials in the imperial palace and issued an edict summing up his ideas on the art of statecraft Rulers: shd sincerely revere Heaven’s laws as their fundamental strategy for governing the country / ruler show concern for the welfare of the ppl, practice diligence, protect the state from its enemies, choose able advisers, and strike a careful balance btw leniency and strictness, principle and expedience - not only one of the longest reigning of all Chinese rulers but also one of the wisest - his era was once of peace and prosperity, and after a half century of his rule, the empire was not at the zenith of its power and influence - emperor’s edict clearly reflected the genius of Confucian teachings at their best and, with its emphasis on prudence, compassion, and tolerance, has a timeless quality that applies to our age as well as to the golden age of the Qing dynasty - reigned during one of the most glorious eras - stabilized imperial rule by pacifying the restive ppl along the northern and western frontiers but also managed to make the dynasty acceptable to the general population - cultivated the support of scholars through a number of major projects - activities of the Western missionaries (Dominicans, Franciscans. Jesuits) reached their height emperor was quite tolerant of the Christians, and several Jesuits missionaries became influential at court - ostentatiously studied the sacred Confucian classics and issued a “sacred edict” (proclaimed to the entire empire the imp of the moral values est by the master) Zhu Yuanzhang - led the massive peasant rebellion in 1368 resulting in the creation of Ming and the collapse of Yuan (Mongol) - declared himself the founding emperor of a new Ming dynasty - 1369 – 1644 - strong Ming dynasty emperor Yongle - strong Ming dynasty emperor - ordered the renovation of the Grand Canal to
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  • Spring '16
  • Carl Saxer

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