CHAP19.docx - CHATPER 19 The Beginnings of Modernization Industrialization and Nationalism in the 19th C Francis I Austrian emperor congenial host of

CHAP19.docx - CHATPER 19 The Beginnings of Modernization...

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CHATPER 19 The Beginnings of Modernization: Industrialization and Nationalism in the 19 th C Francis I - Austrian emperor - congenial host of foreigners coming to Vienna in 1814 September = Congress of Vienna - never tired of regaling his guests w/ concerts, glittering balls, and sumptuous feasts *proletariat : huge industrial working class James Hargreaves - spinning jenny: perfected by 1768 – allowed spinners to produce more yarn Edmund Cartwright - his loom – powered by water and invented in 1787 / allowed the weaving of cloth to catch up w/ the spinning of yarn James Watt - 1736 – 1819 - Scottish engineer - built an engine powered by stream that could pump water from mines 3 times as quickly as previous engines - 1782: developed a rotary engine that could turn a shaft and thus drive machinery Henry Cort - 1780s: developed a sys calling puddling, in which coke, derived from coal, was used to burn away impurities in pig iron (crude iron) and produce an iron of high quality Richard Trevithick - 1804: pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in Southern Wales George Stephenson - built the engine - the engine proved superior and it was his rocket that was first used on the first public railway line (opened in 1830) Peter Stearns - historian - to him, the availability of capital, natural resources, a network of trade relations, and navigable rivers all helped stimulate industrial growth in the 19 th C Kenneth Pomeranz - <The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the making of the Modern World Economy> : argued that coal resources and access to the cheap raw materials of the Americans were both assets for Great Britain as it became the first to industrialize Jedediah Strutt - cotton manufacturer - “Getting of money … is the main business of the life of men” Samuel Smiles - Self-Help (1859) - believed that ppl succeed through “individual industry, energy, and uprightness” Shibuzawa Eiichi - Japanese industrialist - supervised textile factories - his business career began in 1873 - did not right his autobiography, until 1927 Thomas Edison - developed the light bulb - American Joseph Swan - Briton - developed light bulb independently Alexander Graham Bell - 1876: invented the telephone Gulielmo Marconi - 1901: sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic Henry Ford - revolutionized the automotive industry w/ the mass production of the Model T - 1916: his factories were producing 735,000 cars a year Orville and Wilbur Wright - 1903: @ Kitty Hawk in North Carolina made the first flight in a fixed-wing airplane  1919: the first regular passenger air service was est Sergei Witte - a surge of industrialization began in Russia in the 1890s under his guiding hand - minister of finance - pushed the govt to support massive railroad construction - his program made possible the rapid growth of a modern steel and coal industry, making Russia by 1900 the 4 th largest producer of steel behind the US, Germany and Great Britain
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Karl Marx - 1818 – 1883 - German - Developed Marxism
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  • Spring '16
  • Carl Saxer

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