RUSSIAANDTHESOVIETUNIONU3.docx - 1 2 3 4 UNIT 3 LEARNING OUTCOMES Examines the nations as the principal form of political organisation in the modern

RUSSIAANDTHESOVIETUNIONU3.docx - 1 2 3 4 UNIT 3 LEARNING...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

UNIT 3: LEARNING OUTCOMES 1. Examines the nations as the principal form of political organisation in the modern world 2. Crises that confronted nations in the 20th Century. a. Responses to those crises. b. Different paths they have taken to achieve their goals. 3. Understand the characteristics of modern nations, the internal divisions and external threats. a. The different experiences of individuals and groups within those nations. 4. Understand the significance of the changes experienced by modern nations and the different paths of development they have taken.
Image of page 1
RUSSIA AND THE SOVIET UNION 1914-1945 REVISION Russia in 1914 as background knowledge Significant ideas of the period: Autocracy System of government where one person has absolute power Relevant to: Tsar Nicholas II Marxism Belief that history was evolving towards a perfect state - Communism. Each stage was characterised by class struggles concerning ownership of ‘means of production’ (resources used to produce food, goods, etc.). Believed that a spontaneous uprising would occur where the proletariat would overthrow the bourgeoisie resulting in the creation of a classless state where there was common ownership over everything. (From Russia: Under Tsarism and Communism , Corin & Fiehn 2011) Communism a theory or system of social organization in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability and needs. Leninism Based on Marxism, but believed that the uprising would be catalysed and controlled by a single party. Relevant to: The Bolsheviks Stalinism Characterised by personalised and centralised control, stifling bureaucracy, cult of the personality, the use of terror and enhanced role for the secret police, effective propaganda and cultural uniformity. Collectivisation Policy of forced collectivisation of individual households into collective farms, most commonly kolkhozes . Relevant to: Stalin’s economic policies.
Image of page 2
Internal divisions and crises The Impact of World War 1 on Russia Russia enjoyed short-term military victories against Austro-Hungary, but suffered great losses against the Germans. Most of the problems regarding the Russian military could be owed to the incompetence of their leadership; there was a lack of supplies, including food and weapons. The Tsar and his government were unable to provide and effectively organise supplies for the military. Russia could not keep up with a 20th Century war due to its industrial backwardness and parochiality. There was also a lack of supplies for civilians, and inflation occurred. This revealed that the Russian economy was weak, but businessmen started setting up War Industries Committees in order to provide supplies to the army. Causes, events and outcomes of the February and October revolutions in 1917 February Revolution Causes: Military defeats; incompetence of leadership - the Tsar also took direct control of the war effort in August 1915, making him directly responsible for the military losses; difficult
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 8 pages?

  • Fall '18
  • maya

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors