Health Studies Notes.docx - Sarah Goldstone Health Studies Unit 3 4 Revision Notes 1 Characteristics and needs of specific populations Population

Health Studies Notes.docx - Sarah Goldstone Health Studies...

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Sarah Goldstone Health Studies Unit 3 & 4 Revision Notes Characteristics and needs of specific populations Population Characteristics Needs Indigenous Socioeconomic Demographic Geographic Employment Education Better access to services Improved living conditions Diabetes health Social and emotional health Cardiovascular health Socioeconomically disadvantaged Socioeconomic Employment Education Obese or overweight support Exercise Smoking cessation Mental health Rural and remote Socioeconomic Demographic Geographic Employment Education Better access to services Substance abuse prevention Dental health Mental health Cancer prevention Prisoners Charges Demographic Education Risky behaviour intervention Communicable disease prevention Chronic disease Mental health Access and equity issues of specific populations Population Access and equity issues Women in rural and remote locations Higher overweight and obesity rates Experience higher rates of diagnosed diabetes, particularly in remote areas Experience notably higher rates of hypertension Poorer access to health care Are less satisfied with access to after hours care 1 1
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Sarah Goldstone Health Studies Unit 3 & 4 Revision Notes Greater waiting time in gp’s Have less choice of gp’s Young people in rural and remote locations Experience poorer health than young people living in metro areas Higher rates of overweight and obesity Are disadvantages by lack of education and employment opportunities, resulting in lower incomes and possible unemployment Endure higher prices of commodities such as food or petrol Have limited choices for recreational and leisure activities leading to increase drug and alcohol use Factors that create health inequities Discrimination Gender Access to health care Unemployment Social isolation Dislocation of land Occupation Access to and level of education Geographic location Racism: Government economic and social policies Socioeconomic status Health literacy Quantitative and qualitative measures for detecting health inequities and/or injustices Epidemiological data Quantitative data includes: Infant mortality Fertility rates Life expectancy Morbidity Mortality Social determinants of health Qualitative data: Quality of the social determinants - FUSSEWATTS+C 2 2
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Sarah Goldstone Health Studies Unit 3 & 4 Revision Notes Socio-ecological model of health and its role in understanding and addressing public health problems Individual: refers to personal choices of the individual including beliefs, values, attitudes, skills abilities and decision making. Impacts on the following factors of health: Biological Demographics Personality Literacy Interpersonal: explores the closeness of social relationships e.g with partners Includes the dynamic between family members and relationship patterns and focusses on the ability of the individual to effectively interact with others
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