wace notes.docx - Key Stuf(China 1935-1989 Long March(1934-1935 Served to strengthen communist resolve while it enabled the members of the long

wace notes.docx - Key Stuf(China 1935-1989 Long...

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Key Stuf (China 1935-1989) Long March (1934-1935) - Served to strengthen communist resolve while it enabled the members of the long march (communists) to establish friendly relations with the neglected lower class. Chinese Civil War (1927-1937 & 1946-1949) - War between Nationalists (Jiang Jieshi) and Communists (Mao Zedong). - Was split into two periods by the ‘2 nd Sino-Japanese War’ (1937-1941 during WW2 where both forces formed the ‘Second United Front’ to defend China. - Led to establishment of PRC government PRC establishment as national government (1949) 1 st 5-year plan (1953-1957) - Goal was to increase economic growth and it emphasized development in heavy industry and technology (Industrialization). - Which they did, exceeding the expected results. 2 nd 5-year plan/GLF (1958-1962) - Attempted to copy the 1 st plan but on a larger scale i.e. backyard furnaces. - This meant focus was shifted from agrarian labour to industrial processes. - However, this coincided with a string of natural disasters that Mao called the “Three Years of Natural Disasters”. - This caused the ‘Great Famine’ (1958-1961) which resulted in approx. 30 million deaths while others state the death toll ranged between 10 million and 47 million. Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) - A socio-political movement aimed to revise Chinese culture. - Mao was on the political sidelines following the GLF, yet he began on ofensive to purify the CCP having grown uneasy about what he believed were the creeping capitalists and antisocialist tendencies. - The revolution was to destroy the 4 Old’s: Old Ideology, Old Thoughts, Old Habits and Old Customs.
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- All forms of productivity halted and as a result there was no economy and no education. Key Stuf (Australia’s engagement with Asia) Fear of Communism - An ofspring of WW2, traditional ties with GAPF Britain. - Strengthened by the Cold War and the US. - “Communist threatened the very foundations of western civilization, freedom”. - The 2 nd ‘Red Scare’ (1947-1957). - “Reds under the Bed” - a common notion in the 1950s due to increasing fears of espionage and communism within Australia. - Petrov Afair (1954) defection of two Australia based Soviet spies from the Soviet Union, it is said that this helped Menzies win the 1954 federal election. The Malayan Emergency (1950-1960) - Involvement signalled the desire to align with the US, who had emerged from WW2 the world superpower, distancing them from ravaged post- war Britain. - Also represented Australia’s shift towards Asia rather than Europe, as previously mentioned Britain, which were preconditions to Australia’s eventual involvement in the Vietnam War. Vietnam War (1965-1972) - Australia entered the war to prevent the spread of communism. - Also, to strengthen their relationship with the US by demonstrating their willingness to commit to US conflicts. - “All the way with LBJ” – Harold Holt.
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  • Fall '18
  • maya

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