Year 12 AIT Semester 1 and 2 Revision.docx - Year 12 Applied Information Technology Semester 1 Revision Design Concepts relationship(s between the

Year 12 AIT Semester 1 and 2 Revision.docx - Year 12...

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Year 12 Applied Information Technology Semester 1 Revision: Design Concepts: relationship(s) between the elements of design and the principles of design features of a user interface logical and hierarchical organisation of content graphical user interface (GUI) suitable for target audience relevant help features of a graphical user interface o usability o inclusivity o accessibility Elements and Principles of Design: Relationship between elements and principles Elements are techniques to create principles Principles are guidelines for a good design Principles: Proportion: Proportion refers to the relationship between one part of a design and another part or to the whole design Comparison of sizes and shapes Vertical and horizontal lines on a poster or website may produce an interesting contrast Emphasis: Emphasis is the quality that draws your attention to a certain part of a design first o Contrasting colour o Different or unusual lines o Varying shape sizes o Different shapes Harmony/Unity/Proximity: When aspects of a design look right together, you have created unity or harmony – a coherent whole o Repeating lines and shapes o Curved lines with curved shapes o Harmonious colours with a common hue o Similar textures Dominance: Dominance is the focus given to a design and helps to create unity as the eye is attracted to the key point of the design o Contrasting elements such as line, shape, tone, texture, size and colour o Dominance and balance works together to create unity
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Dominance plays a major role where emphasis occurs i.e. repeated elements without some form of dominance can create monotony Pattern: Pattern and rhythm shows consistency with colours and/or lines o Use of similar or connected elements o Elements are repeated Movement: Movement is motion. This can be achieved by using a graphic element that direct the eye in a certain direction such as: o Arrows or lines indicating direction o Series of lines and dots that gets progressively larger or smaller o Use a photograph or image of something moving Elements: Colour Attracts attentions, affect feelings or moods and conveys messages Monochromatic: one colour with variations in tint, harmonious, restful, quiet Line Direct a reader’s eye and separate or highlight information (organise information) Anything including text, images and dots can form a line Suggests moods and looks in a document Space Gives eyes a rest Draw attention to certain elements of a page Create a focal point Shape Interesting shapes attract attention Shapes can consist of anything including text and empty text Where physical shapes are not practical, create the impression of shape using colour and space Texture Features of a user interface: User interface (UI) – the way humans interact or engage with a computing device, handheld, laptop or desktop. The point of intersection where the human meets machine. UI should have these: Aesthetically pleasing Ease of use Readability Logical order
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  • Fall '18
  • maya

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