exam notes.docx - German Expressionism 1919-1927 Post-WW1 Germany gave birth to UFA Germany closed borders so no international films Denmark and Sweden

exam notes.docx - German Expressionism 1919-1927 Post-WW1...

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German Expressionism 1919-1927 Post-WW1 Germany gave birth to UFA Germany closed borders, so no international films. Denmark and Sweden were producing films, but not enough (and no one really wants those films) so Germans created their own film company UFA. Germany was in a depression, people weren't happy. The films reflect this- they're all kind of gloomy and dark ( Nosferatu ) CHARACTERISTICS Notable for its scenes of insanity, horror ,death and fatality. This is reflected in its narrative and Mise- en-scene. It counters the principle of realism and uses extreme distortion as a means to communicate inner emotional reality (Johnson, 2010) Distorted Shapes Slanted houses, pointy roofs, creates an uneasy, unsettled feeling. Also found in codes, which convey power behind the darkness Lighting Dramatic contrast between light and shadow to suggest the presence of dark aspects of human nature (darker at the top of the stairs, shows there is something dark there) Dramatic Shadows Element of horror story to give off the shady and ominous feel plays with suspense and the audience's psychology Sets First style to use studio filming. Sets often painted Gothic Makeup/Clothing Distortion of reality and psychological states. Nosferatu face and movements. All character movements are quite big and dramatic Silent Film 1908-1927 Eadweard Muybridge 1891 running horse Thomas Edison invented first motion picture camrea in 1891 Kinetograph for filming, Kinetoscope for viewing 1902 George Meiles A Trip to the Moon 1908-1927 Classical Hollywood Cinema After 1900's films began to appeal to middle class (really quite rich) as novels were adapted for screen. Until 1914 national film industries resided in Italy and France, but then WW1 kind of messed that up 1915ish Birth of a Nation the HORRENDOUSLY racist one FEATURES OF SILENT FILMS Consists of only picture and has no sound Films could not take advantage of synchronised sound for dialogue Titles are edited to clarify the on screen situation to the cinema audience or add critical dialogue Showing of silent films were usually NOT silent They were commonly accompanied by live music Early in the motion picture industry, it was learned that music was an essential part of any movie as it gave the audience emotional cues for the action taking place on the screen. Silent film required a greater emphasis on body language and facial expression so the audience could better understand what an actor was feeling and portraying on the screen. Silent comedies seem to be more popular than silent drama because overacting is a natural form of comedy
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Colour Symbolism BLACK Represents power and authority, stability and strength. Also associated with intelligence (old teachers in black robes, black horn-rimmed spectacles) Black clothes make people look thinner Sinister, often associated with evil (cowboys with black hats) In Western culture it is associated with grieving Serious and evocative; it is easy to overwhelm an audience with too much black WHITE
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  • Fall '18
  • maya

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