OB Ch4.pptx - Amand a Organizational Behavior Global Edition 18e Part 2 The Individual Chapter 4 Personality and Values Personality Personality the sum

OB Ch4.pptx - Amand a Organizational Behavior Global...

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Organizational Behavior Global Edition 18e. Part 2: The Individual Chapter 4 Personality and Values Amand a
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Personality Personality : the sum of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others. — It is a dynamic concept describing the growth and development of a person’s whole psychological system.
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Personality Measuring Personality Personality tests are useful in hiring decisions and help managers forecast who is best for a job. — The most common means of measuring personality is through self- report surveys in which individuals evaluate themselves on a series of factors
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Personality — Our culture influences the way we rate ourselves. - individualistic: self-enhancement - collectivist: self-diminishment EX: Taiwan, China, South Korea Observer-ratings surveys : (from coworkers) provide an independent assessment of personality. — Observer-ratings surveys predict job success more than self-ratings — Use both self-reports and observer reports on employment decisions
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Personality Personality Determinants — Is personality the result of heredity or environment? Heredity : Factors determined at conception; one's biological, physiological, and inherent psychological makeup. — The ultimate explanation of an individual's personality is the molecular structure of the genes, which are located on the chromosomes
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Personality Personality Traits : Enduring characteristics that describe an individual's behavior. Early work on personality tried to identify and label enduring characteristics that describe an individual's behavior — including shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal, and timid
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Personality Framework Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) : A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into one of 16 personality types. Are classified as: Extraverted or Introverted (E or I) E: outgoing, sociable, and assertive I: quiet and shy
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Personality Framework Sensing or Intuitive (S or N) S: practical and prefer routine and order, and they focus on details N: rely on unconscious processes and look at the big picture Thinking or Feeling (T or F) T: use reason and logic to handle problems F: rely on their personal values and emotions
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Personality Framework Judging or Perceiving (J or P) J: want to control and prefer order and structure P: flexible and spontaneous
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Personality Framework The Big Five Model : A personality assessment model that describes 5 basic dimensions of personality — Test scores of these traits do a very good job of predicting how people behave in a variety of real-life situations and remain relatively stable for an individual over time, with some daily variations.
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Personality Framework Extraversion : A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive.
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