Chapter 6 Psychosocial Lecture.docx - PSYA150 Psychosocial Chapter 6 Developmental Tasks Elaboration of movement Dynamic systems theory 1 Physical

Chapter 6 Psychosocial Lecture.docx - PSYA150 Psychosocial...

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PSYA150: Psychosocial Chapter 6 Developmental Tasks: Elaboration of movement Dynamic systems theory 1) Physical characteristics (limbs, joints and muscles that allow movement) 2) Changes in the body and muscle mass 3) New capacities in the CNS that improve coordination of feedback from the limbs that guide the amount of effort needed to achieve a motor goal. 4) The nature of behavior goals 5) Opportunities for practice (family plays an important role) (ADOLF AND Berger 2006, Thelan and Smith 1994) Developmental Task: Language The preoperational child and language (Piaget) 1) Age 2-7 2) Achieved object permanence (knows an object exists even though they cant see it) 3) Initiate and explore 4) Uses mental representations and symbols (language) 5) Not logical During the Preoperational state (Ages 2-7) the child will: - Gain ability to reconstruct in thought what is experienced in behavior - Gain in ability to use symbols (words, drawing images) - Form stable concepts - By the end of the stage show an emerging capacity to reason Preoperational symbolic function substage Egocentric: cannot take another’s POV, three mountains task (Piaget’s Mountain Task) Animistic: believe inanimate objects have lifelike qualities such as wishes, feelings, intentions Magical Beliefs: show in drawings Preoperational Intuitive thought substage: - Intuitive thought is a combination of primitive reason and fast acquisition of knowledge - Cannot answer the question “What if?” - Asks the question “Why?” frequently
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