Sima Xiangru, Rhapsody on the Imperial Park.pdf - it ll’l DavidR Knechtges SMC PUBLISHING INC Taiwan Edition P ‘7 Translated with Annotations bj

Sima Xiangru, Rhapsody on the Imperial Park.pdf - it ll’l...

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l’l it l l’l Copyright © 1987 by Princeton University Press Reprinted and published by arrangement with Princeton University Press OR SELECTIONS OF All Rights Reserved ISBN 957-9482-35-7 (set) REFINED LITERATURE 1S8N957-9482-37-3(v2) VOL UME TWO: Rhapsodies on Sacrces, Hunting, Travel, Sightseeing, _ c ) Palaces and Halls, Rivers and Seas XIAO TONG (501—531) Translated, with Annotations bj ‘7 P DavidR. Knechtges Taiwan Edition SMC PUBLISHING INC.
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tJ -t U-A<<\ 8 HUNTING, PART II \na.c Vices La \.ia.,’Q ‘ntAr i.ttn CsgLS Rhapsody on the Imperial Park SIMA ZHANGQ1XG (S Xr I Lord No-such grinned and laughed, saying, “Chu has lost its case, but neither has QJ gained anything to its credit. Having the vassal lords present tribute is not for the articles and presents themselves, but is a means for them to report on the administration of their offices. Setting up boundaries and drawing borders are not for protection or defense, but are a means of prohibiting excessive territorial encroachment. 10 NowQJ Has been placed as the eastern defensive barrier, Yet externally it secretly consorts with Sushen, Abandons its own territory, goes beyond its borders, Crosses the sea to hunt. In terms of its vassal duty, such things certainly should not be allowed. ‘[H IS RHAPSODY by Sima Xiangru describes the Shanglin Park, the bunting park used by Former Han emperors (sec “Western Capital Rhapsody,” LL. 123—24n). Scholars dn not agree on the exact date ofthisfs. Hervnuet (see Us Paite de cssr, p.49, n. 5) places it “before 138 s.c.” He Peixioug believes it was first written while Sima Xiangru was still in Chengdu (in He’s dating 139 s.c.) and presented tn Emperor Wu in 138 s.c. See “Shanglin fn zuo yuJianyuan cliunian kao” iJE4, Dais .eazhi 36.2 (1968): 52—56.Jian Zongwu disagrees with He’s dating and elainss that it could not have been composed before 137 s.c.Jian dates the presentation tn the emperor around 135 or 134 s.c. See “Shanglin fu zhnzuo niandsi zhi shatsgque” Dais zszhi 48.6 (1974):260—62 and Sima Xiasgrs Tasg Xissgji qifs zhiyasjis, pp. 58—63. I doubt that Sima Xiangru composed thefts while he was still in Chengdu, fur his Shift biography (117.3002) reports that in his audience with Emperor Wu, Sitna Xiangru requested “tn compose a rhapsody on the excursion hunts of the Son nfHeaven.” The emperor then ordered the Master of Writing tu give him brushes and bamhoo slips with wltirh to write hisfs. Empernr Wu was sn impressed with the composition, he appointed Sima Xiangru to the position nfeourt gentleman. ProfessorJian’s careful chronology seems best to fit THE IMPERIAL PARK “Moreover, in your discourses both of you gentlemen do not strive to elucidate the duties of ruler and subject or to correct the ritual behavior of the vassal lords. You merely devote yourselves to competing over the joys of excursions and sports, the size of parks and preserves, wishing to overwhelm each other with wasteful ostentation and surpass one another in wild ex cesses.
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