Chapter 17 v1 -- social change --study guide -- ONLINE -- 2019-1.docx - 1 Chapter 17 Study Guide Social Change Introduction to Sociology ONLINE NOTE

Chapter 17 v1 -- social change --study guide -- ONLINE -- 2019-1.docx

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Chapter 17 Study Guide -- Social Change Introduction to Sociology ONLINE NOTE : Throughout the semester, you will not be tested on anything written in a blue font on a study guide . However, you should still pay attention to that material! Also, please remember that the words written in a red font are to help people using the ebook version of the textbook find the information. The page numbers are to help people using a print copy of the textbook. Chapter Overview (p. 526) Macionis notes on page 526 that "over the past 100 years, much about our way of life has changed for the better," but "social change is not all positive." Early sociologists did not agree on whether modernity (changes brought on by the Industrial Revolution) was primarily good or bad, and "today's sociologists point to both good and bad aspects of postmodernity , the transformations caused by the Information Revolution and the postindustrial economy." Macionis points out that there is one thing that is clear: "For better or worse, the rate of change has never been faster than it is now ." What is Social Change? (p. 526) What is social change ? Understand the four major characteristics of it identified on page 527. Social change – the transformation of culture and social institutions over time 4 major characteristics: 1. Social change happens all the time 2. Social change is sometime intentional but often unplanned 3. Social change is controversial 4. Some changes matter more than others Causes of Social Change (p. 527) Understand the various causes of social change mentioned on pages 527-530. Know which type of social change Karl Marx is most associated with, and which type Max Weber is most associated with. Causes of social change 1. Invention produces new objects, ideas, and social patterns. Rocket propulsion research, which began in the 1940s, has produced sophisticated spacecraft that reach toward the stars. Today we take such technology for granted; during this century, a significant number of people ay well have an opportunity to travel into space. 2. Discovery occurs when people take notice of existing elements of the world. For example, medical advances offer a growing understanding of the human body. Beyond their direct effects on human health, medical discoveries have extended life expectancy, setting in motion the graying of US society. 3. Diffusion creates change as products, people, and information spread from one society to another. Ralph Linton recognized that many familiar aspects of our own culture came from other lands. For example, the cloth used to make our own clothing was developed in Asia, the clocks we all see all around us were invented in Europe, and the coins we carry in our pockets were devised in what is now Turkey. 1
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Types of social change Karl Marx most associated with – Marx saw class conflict as the engine that drives societies from one historical era to another. In industrial capitalist societies, the struggle between capitalists and workers pushes society toward a social system of production. Marx correctly foresaw that
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