Chapter 3 v1 -- Socialization -- study guide -- ONLINE -- 2019.docx - 1 Chapter 3 Study Guide Socialization Introduction to Sociology ONLINE NOTE

Chapter 3 v1 -- Socialization -- study guide -- ONLINE -- 2019.docx

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Chapter 3 Study Guide --- S ocialization Introduction to Sociology ONLINE NOTE : Throughout the semester, you will not be tested on anything written in a blue font on a study guide . However, you should still pay attention to that material! Also, please remember that the words written in a red font are to help people using the ebook version of the textbook find the information. The page numbers are to help people using a printed copy of the textbook. Chapter Overview (p. 76) Be sure to read the story at the top of page 76 about the child named Anna. Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity (p. 76) What does Anna's story, which Macionis describes as the “terrible case of an isolated child,” teach us? What happens to children without social experience? Anna, the illegitimate daughter to an unmarried mentally-impaired woman was passed around to welfare agencies for her first six months, but the mother could not afford to pay for her care. Anna was returned to the hostile home of her grandfather. Her mom kept Anna in a storage room and gave her just enough milk to keep her alive. There she stayed – day after day – month after month, with almost no human contact – for five long years. The Sociologist Davis immediately went to see Anna. He found her with local officials at a county home. Davis was stunned by the emaciated girl, who could not laugh, speak, or even smile. Anna was completely unresponsive, as if alone in an empty world . What is socialization ? Socialization – the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture . Unlike other living species, whose behavior is mostly or entirely set by biology, humans need social experience to learn their culture and to survive. What is personality ? Personality – a person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling. We build a personality by internalizing – taking in – our surroundings. But without social experience, as Anna’s case shows, personality hardly develops at all. 1
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Human Development: Nature and Nurture (p. 76) What did Charles Darwin’s study of evolution lead some people to believe? What claims did it lead to? Darwin’s study led people to think that human behavior was instinctive, simply our ‘nature.’ Such ideas led to claims that the US economic system reflects ‘instinctive human competitiveness,’ that some people are ‘born criminals,’ or that women are ‘naturally’ emotional and men are ‘nationally’ rational Macionis notes on page 77 that “in the twentieth century, biological explanations of human behavior came under fire.” Understand John Watson’s theory of behaviorism . Behaviorism – holds that behavior is not instinctive but learned . Thus, people everywhere are equally human, differing only in their cultural patterns. In short, Watson rooted human behavior not in nature but in nurture .
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