Chapter 9 v2 -- stratification -- study guide -- ONLINE --2019.docx - 1 Chapter 9 Study Guide Social Stratification Introduction to Sociology ONLINE

Chapter 9 v2 -- stratification -- study guide -- ONLINE --2019.docx

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 19 pages.

1 Chapter 9 Study Guide --- Social Stratification Introduction to Sociology ONLINE NOTE : Throughout the semester, you will not be tested on anything written in a blue font on a quiz study guide . However, you should still pay attention to that material! Also, please remember that the words written in a red font are to help people using the ebook version of the textbook find the information. The page numbers are to help people using a printed copy of the textbook. Chapter Overview (p. 242) Many sociologists, including me, would consider this chapter the most important chapter taught in Introduction to Sociology classes. Please read this chapter very carefully and give yourself extra time to fill out the study guide and learn the material. Why does Macionis, the textbook author, mention the Titanic? (What’s the general point he’s trying to make here?) Why does Macionis, the textbook author, mention the Titanic – some categories of passengers had much better odds of survival than others. In keeping with that era’s traditional ideas about gender, women and children boarded the lifeboats first, with the result that 80 percent of the people who died were men. Class was also a factor in who survived and who did not. More than 60 percent of the passengers traveling on first class tickets were saved because they were on upper-decks, where warnings were sounded first and lifeboats were accessible. Only 36 percent of second class passengers survived, and of the third class passengers on the lower-decks. Only 24 percent escaped drowning. What is Social Stratification? Caste and Class Systems (p. 242) I prefer this definition of social stratification over the one in your book: Social stratification is structured social inequality, the ranking of categories of people according to how much wealth, power, prestige, and privilege they have. Social stratification - structured social inequality, the ranking of categories of people according to how much wealth, power, prestige, and privilege they have. Understand the "four important principles" about social stratification on pages 242-243. All of these points will be discussed in some detail in this chapter. "four important principles" about social stratification: 1. is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences 2. carries over from generation to generation 3. Is universal but variable 4. Involves not just inequity but beliefs as well Know what social mobility is. Social mobility – a change in position within the social hierarchy. It may be upward or downward. We
Image of page 1
2 celebrate achievement of people such as Jay-Z who never finished high school but managed to rise to fame and fortune. Some people move down in social hierarchy because of business failures, illness, divorce, or economic recession. More often people move horizontally; they switch one job for another at about the same social level. The social standing of most people remains much the same over their lifetime.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 19 pages?

  • Fall '16
  • BARBARAMCCUNE

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors