Week 6 Notes.docx - [Monica Yuo[6[16/Epilogue Here’s my one-page(single-spaced outline of the main reading(textbook chapter for the week Psychosocial

Week 6 Notes.docx - [Monica Yuo[6[16/Epilogue Here’s my...

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[Monica Yuo] [6] [16/Epilogue] Here’s my one-page (single-spaced) outline of the main reading (textbook chapter) for the week: Psychosocial development during adolescence is a search for the understanding of oneself; Four ways to cope with identity crisis (role confusion, foreclosure, moratorium, identity achievement); four arenas of identity formation are religious, political, vocational, and sexual; early vocational identity is no longer appropriate; research found that adolescents who are employed more than 20 hours a week during the school year tend to quit school, fight with parents, smoke cigarettes, and hate their jobs (myth that teenagers with jobs stay out of trouble) Relationships with Adults; time of waning adult influence and distance themselves from elders, but this is half true because adult influence is still important; research showed differential effects of inherited genes (shows that nature and nurture work together); adolescent’s drive for independence is from biological forces and this causes disputes with parents; studies show that parents think their offspring resent them more than they actually do, and adolescents imagine that their parents to dominate them more than they usually do; caregivers should be maintaining support while adapting to adolescent’s need of independence Culture Differences ; research shows that parent-child communication and encouragement reduce teenage depression, suicide, and low self-esteem; parent-child conflict is less evident in cultures that stress familism; in the US, adolescents deliberately provoke an argument; longitudinal study presents that teenagers vary in how devoted they are to parents; parents should engage and not explode; communication and support are undoubtedly the most crucial for healthy development; parental monitoring is an issue – it could be mutual but adolescent’s may develop aggression, lawbreaking, and drug abuse. Peer Power; peers help navigated physical changes of puberty, academic and social challenges after childhood; parental support is still needed; many teens depend on social media and the internet to connect with their friends; important for minorities and immigrant groups who strive for ethnic identity; studies shows that the most influential peers are those nearby at the moment; adolescents select and facilitate; research shows that selection precedes peer pressure; peer support is vital in romance; many adolescent have strong sexual urges but with little knowledge about pregnancy and disease; an analysis shows that the most important influences on adolescents’ sexual behavior may be close to home than to Hollywood sex education varies dramatically; students listen to their peers who have already begun sexual activity, and they consult the internet more than their teachers Sadness and Anger;
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