Week 1 Notes.docx - [Monica Yuo[1[Chapter 11 Here’s my one-page(single-spaced outline of the main reading(textbook chapter for the week Chapter 11 A

Week 1 Notes.docx - [Monica Yuo[1[Chapter 11 Here’s my...

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[Monica Yuo] [1] [Chapter 11] Here’s my one-page (single-spaced) outline of the main reading (textbook chapter) for the week: Chapter 11 A Healthy Time Expert Eye-Hand Coordination Specifics of motor-skill development in middle childhood depend on the culture Slower Growth, Greater Strength - Teeth o Loss of baby teeth; each permanent tooth arrives on schedules from ages 6 to 12, with girls a few months ahead of boys o In the past, many school-age children didn’t brush their teeth and US communities have fluoride added to the water o Global Decay Bangalore, India have an oral campaign when thousands of children gather and brush their teeth together. - Children’s Health Habits o Daily habits, including diet, exercise, and sleep o Children who have poor health for economic or social reasons are vulnerable lifelong, even if their SES improves o Peers and parents are crucial Social learning pushes them to do healthier eating activities o There are camps for children with chronic illnesses o Physical Activity Exercise improves physical health and reduces depression but also improve academic achievement - Brain Development o Body movement improves intellectual functioning results of better moods Embodied cognition idea that thinking is closely allied with physical actions and health Executive control ability to inhibit some impulses to focus on others o Reaction Time : The time is takes to respond to a stimulus, either physically (with a reflexive movement such as an eye-blink) or cognitively (with a thought). - Neighborhood Play o Playing games teaches cooperation, problem solving, and respect for teammates and opponents of many backgrounds. o Ideal way to develop skills with neighborhood play Rules and boundaries o Modern life has undercut informal neighborhood play No place to play anymore and people are scared of strangers - Exercise in School o Physical Education was the alternative to neighborhood play o However, schools are now more focused on testing rather than physical play
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[Monica Yuo] [1] [Chapter 11] Get rid of PE for reading and math o SES matters as well because they are not allowed to roam around their neighborhoods and be in their own yards to play. o Healthy Problems in Middle Childhood There are children with chronic conditions - Childhood Obesity o In the beginning of middle childhood, healthy children are active and relatively thing. The proportion of the body that is fat not bone or muscle, is less than at any other stage. o Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide o Children have high energy but small stomachs, so they enjoy frequent snacks more than big meals o Childhood overweight correlates with asthma, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol this can lead to poor social skills Loneliness is the worse for these school-age children because children with poor social skills and a few friends are more likely to become obese and vice versa o Childhood Overweight: BMI is above the 85 th percentile o Childhood Obesity
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