S19_INF162W_2019-04-10_Orgs_as_Machines.pdf - History of Organizations as Machines Informatics 162W Why do organizations exist To achieve goals that a

S19_INF162W_2019-04-10_Orgs_as_Machines.pdf - History of...

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History of Organizations as Machines Informatics 162W April 10 , 2019
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Why do organizations exist? To achieve goals that a single person or family unit could not achieve alone. Greek Oraganon – a tool or instrument
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History of studying organizations We often talk about organizations in mechanical language: “A state of orderly relations between clearly defined parts that have some determinate order” - Morgan
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History of studying organizations Organizations as machines Made up of many standardized parts – functional separation Together, they perform work Transform input into output Efficiency is important What do we mean by efficient?
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Detroit Industry Murals, Diego Rivera
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Credit: Jenni Idea Management
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Reading Quiz r Student ID # 1. What does Morgan call organizations that run like machines? 2. Frederick Taylor pioneered an approach known as ________ Management. 3. True or False: Mechanistic approaches to organization work well when there is a need to adapt to changing circumstances. Print name Date
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History of studying organizations TECHNOLOGIES of bureaucracy work like complex machines Ranks Standardized regulations Standard equipment Common language Systemic training
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Basic Principles Structure Efficiency and Speed Precision Measurement Regularity and Reliability Goal is to be able to repeat exactly: Standardize then optimize Interchangeable parts become key
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Machines Have Parts
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Machines Have Parts If parts don’t work well together what happens?
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Machines Have Parts If parts don’t work well together what happens? Machine breaks Machine finds a way to work around the issue – renders a part useless Machine becomes inefficient, sluggish, ineffective Machine takes on too many parts
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Classical Management Theories Design of organizations Planning Organization Command Coordination Control
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