BAR200LitRevJoyance Ting33207185.docx - Literature Review...

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Literature Review: Decline of Mental Wellness in Youths and Young Adults 1. Introduction Mental health has become a major medical and social issue and has taken over globally. The term “mental health” is used is associated by many to mean “mental health conditions or disorders”. It has also been used as an overarching term for mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, depression, bipolar, anxiety disorders and so on. But mental health is so much more than that. The World Health Organization or WHO has defined mental health as “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. This means that while such disorders as the abovementioned can be classed under mental health, it is not limited to these conditions. Mental health can be used to describe problems relating with emotions, mood, psychotic, personality, eating and substance use disorders [ CITATION Joh09 \l 1033 ]. In recent years, it has been discovered that mental wellness has been steadily declining. In 2001, The World Health Organization reported that mental health is the leading case of ill- health and disability globally with 450 million people suffering from ill mental health and disorders. Keep in mind that this number has grown significantly since then. A more recent study (2017) has shown that this number has exponentially increased to 970 million, this includes people who suffers from mental and substance use disorders. This is most apparent in youths and young adults. The following review will focus on understanding why this number has risen to such levels and what contributing factors there are. Ergo, the research question being proposed is: Why is mental health wellness in youths and young adults decreasing? 2. Social Media In this current age, it is the norm to have more than one social media account. In the report, “Teens, Social Media & Technology 2018”, results suggest that 95% of adolescents either owns a smartphone or has access to one. Of this, 45% of them say that they are online on a nearly constant basis [ CITATION And18 \l 1033 ]. They were surveyed and it was found that 45% of them felt that social media had neither positive nor negative effect on their lives; 31% felt that it is largely positive: and 24% found social media to have a mostly negative effect [ CITATION And18 \l 1033 ]. It Is important to note that these results are based on the sample group’s own feelings and thoughts, and the actuality of it is that the effect of social media is mostly found to be negative according to another survey conducted to find the correlation between young people and the time they spend on
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consuming media [ CITATION Twe18 \l 1033 ]. These surveys results were collected from a sample group of teenagers from the ages of thirteen to eighteen. They found that adolescents who spend
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