rdpart 4 ver 3.doc - Class Notes on Personality A Systems Approach Part 4 Personality Development by Rebecca Disbrow Fall 2006 Chapter 11 –

rdpart 4 ver 3.doc - Class Notes on Personality A Systems...

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Class Notes on Personality: A Systems Approach Part 4: Personality Development by Rebecca Disbrow Fall, 2006 Chapter 11 – Personality Development in Childhood and Adolescence Resilience – capacity to survive and thrive in negative circumstances personality development – how the parts of personality grow and change through life temperament – broad trends in motivational & emotional responsiveness – building block traits types or forms – constellation of mental features, occur w/enough frequency to form category Influences on personality biological – temperament social setting – birth order, family size social interactions – friendship larger groups – parents, peers Molar Internal External Groups and Cultures Social Groups and their Cultures Psychological Structures, processes, meanings Developing Personality (maturing of subsystems) Situations (parent, sibling, peer influences) Brain processes, physical objects, locations Developing Brain Situational Elements Smaller systems Molecular Development Stages – relatively fixed phases or units of development Eriksons Stages of Development Stage and Activity Successful Resolution Problematic Resolution 1. Infancy – explore world Trust Mistrust 2. Toddlerhood Autonomy Shame 3. Early Childhood Initiative Guilt 4. Middle/Late Childhood Industry Inferiority 5. Adolescence/Youth Identity Role Diffusion 6. Young Adulthood Intimacy Isolation 7. Adulthood Generativity Stagnation 8. Maturity Ego Integrity Despair Cross Sectional Research Designs – two or more different ages are examined at a single time Longitudinal Research Designs – same people over period of time Infants Personality Social Smile – 6 month old infants, evolutionary psych - evolved to encourage parental attention
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Temperament – basic motivational and emotional building blocks that make up traits may include: activity level, physiological responsiveness, tempo, reactivity Thomas and colleagues Harlows monkeys
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