CUL321 Final Essay.docx - CUL321 FINAL ESSAY Question Discuss the importance of the camp as a place of quarantine internment and punishment of targeted

CUL321 Final Essay.docx - CUL321 FINAL ESSAY Question...

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CUL321 FINAL ESSAY Question: Discuss the importance of the camp, as a place of quarantine, internment and punishment of targeted groups, in the context of Australian national identity. The importance of detention centres and camps as a place of quarantine in order to punish targeted groups such as refugees and asylum seekers is high, specifically in the context of Australian national identity. Throughout this essay, various scholars such as Nethery, Giannacopoulos, Grewcock, Fleay and Hoffman, present their various views and statistics in relation to the treatment and policy changes in regards to those seeking asylum in Australia. To answer this question, section one of this essay, which are paragraphs one and two, will focus on the history of Australia’s migration laws and events that led to these changes. Section two which are paragraphs three and four will focus on Manus Island and Nauru, and the various conditions those who are being held in quarantine and internment face. Section three which are paragraphs five and six will then explore various statistics and other laws in relation to Australian national identity, as well as specific refugee events shaping Australian history and a first-person account from Behrouz Boochani and what he experienced on Manus Island. The internment and punishment of individuals seeking Asylum in Australia and then being transferred to camps/detention centres is of high importance, particularly in the context of Australian national identity. This is an increasingly problematic matter that has impacted upon Australian law and opinion, with many varied views that have come to light during various policy decisions. It is stated that “Section 189 of Australia’s Migration Act 1958 requires people arriving in Australia who are not citizens and do not hold a valid visa to be 1
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detained” (Asylum Insight, 2018). In terms of definition, an asylum seeker is an individual who is looking to seek international protection and be given refugee status, however it has not yet been decided. Whereas, a refugee is an individual who is recognised as a refugee and given protection. Australia’s Humanitarian Program, a part of Australia’s migration system, then processes asylum seekers in a system that has two components; the onshore program which settles people who have successfully claimed their asylum status after arrival in Australia and the offshore program which settles those determined to be refugees in another country before their arrival in Australia. Due to the increasing numbers of those seeking Asylum in Australia there have been many policy changes in Australia in an attempt to combat this. “Australia’s punitive border policing regime, aimed at deterring asylum seekers attempting unauthorised entry into the country, was ratcheted up even further in 2013 by the former Labor-led government and its successor, the Liberal National Party Coalition” (Grewcock, 2014). This meant from 19 July 2013, a policy continued as a part of Operation
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