The Utility of Native Science in the Present Day.docx - Last Name 1 Name Professor Course Date The Utility of Native Science in the Present Day

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Last Name 1 Name Professor Course Date The Utility of Native Science in the Present Day Introduction In the book “Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence,” Gregory Cajete explicates the story of indigenous science as a way to comprehend, feel and experience the natural world. Notably, he evaluates indigenous science against western science especially in regards to environmental studies. From an indigenous perspective, we are merely observers and we are not separate from the world, its forces and creatures. This is because all forces and creatures are interrelated and as a result share in the responsibility for and to each other making us co-creatures in the world. This realization is especially important in the present- day world. This is because of the discord brought about by western science and civilization on both the world and the way of life. In this regard, Cajete outlines that five centuries ago when the European arrived on the American continent, they did not take into consideration the views of the natives who had lived in the continent for roughly a millennium in physical and spiritual harmony. First people share a deeper connection with the land and in a time where humanity is plagued by global environmental degradation, it is the high time, that communities embraced the perspectives of the native people, to come up with workable solutions on environmental degradation. Science
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Last Name 2 As outlined in the book, the definition of science will usually differ depending on the one defining it. Therefore, although the meaning is different the centrality is that science is culturally relative, in that, it is considered through the culture, worldview and/or paradigm of the definer. That being said, Cajete defines science as a living philosophy as opposed to taking a mathematical stance[ CITATION Caj00 \l 1033 ]. To this, he outlines that ecology is grounded upon relationships and not empirical formulas, sustainability on reciprocity and not risk assessment and finally, conservation is grounded on respect and responsibility as opposed to resource-based economics. Native science Typically, native science is an embodiment of what Cajete defines as science. This is because it exemplifies a worldview of the earth and nature while looking at the spiritual connections between living things and humans. In line with this, he notes that native languages do not have a word for philosophy, science, psychology or a word depicting a foundational approach to getting to know and understand the nature of life and the existent relationships. However, not because of being archaic but because such words are not needed in a native context[ CITATION Caj00 \l 1033 ]. This is because, for natives seeking life is all- encompassing whereby, native science is a product of lived and storied involvement with the natural world. Therefore, to gain a sense of native science it is imperative for one to participate in the natural landscape and to comprehend the central tenets of native science, it
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