History of Autism Spectrum Disorder.docx - Running Head HISTORY OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER History of Autism Spectrum Disorder Name Institution 1

History of Autism Spectrum Disorder.docx - Running Head...

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Running Head: HISTORY OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER 1 History of Autism Spectrum Disorder Name Institution
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HISTORY OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER 2 History of Autism Spectrum Disorder Event/Theory Impact to the field Theory of ASD Pioneer views of ASD prior to 1900s During the age of the enlightenment, there was a need to raise people’s awareness of those considered to be disabled which led to the diagnosis of ASD[ CITATION Cyn15 \l 1033 ]. This was instrumental in altering the social mores about the disabled to come up with techniques and theories to understand disability[ CITATION Cyn15 \l 1033 ]. However, during this time, ASD was confused and usually considered with a range of psychological conditions[ CITATION Cyn15 \l 1033 ]. In this regard, autism came to be understood as a condition where an individual becomes dissociated from social interaction. Taking the theory of mind developed by Simon Baron- Cohen, Uta Frith and Alan Leslie[ CITATION Pro16 \l 1033 ]. This approach characterizes this theory as it is focused on addressing the persistent deficits in social interaction and communication. In the present day, this theory is used to expand how mental ability is evaluated from the anticipation of behavior to understanding mental states to comprehend and anticipate the social behavior of others[ CITATION Pro16 \l 1033 ]. Clinicians and researchers associated autism spectrum disorder with “refrigerator mothers” and childhood schizophrenia Originally, autism was interpreted as a form of childhood schizophrenia resulting from cold and unemotional parenting referring to as “refrigerator parenting” which led to developmental disorders which by extension led to a spectrum condition with extensive degrees of impairment[ CITATION Lin18 \l 1033 ].
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