reviewer-in-ust.docx - Psychology comes from the Greek word “psyche” which means “breath spirit soul” and “logia” which means “study of

reviewer-in-ust.docx - Psychology comes from the Greek word...

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Psychology - comes from the Greek word “psyche” which means “breath, spirit, soul” and “logia” which means “study of the mind” A theory is a general set of principles proposed to explain how a number of separate facts are related (map reading example) Goals of Psychology • describe • explain • predict, and • influence behavior and mental processes Fields of Psychology Clinical  This usually involves conducting tests and examinations to assess the mental health of a person • Counseling • This branch of psychology is similar to clinical psychology that focus on assessing the mental health of an individual but the focus is mostly on “common problems” of people like marriage problems, work problems, stress, etc. • School • This field aims to improve student’s performance in schools • Educational • This field of psychology deals with testing related activities in education that may focus on curriculum, scientific experiments to ensure validity and reliability of tests and other special needs of the students. • Developmental  This field of psychology deals aims to study the developmental changes in human behaviors and actions from birth to death • Personality • This fields aims to examine the differences and similarities in human personalities and how these personalities reflect on their actions
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• Social  This focuses in particular in the study of humans and their interaction with their environment and with others. • Environmental • This field focuses on improving the physical environment • Experimental • Focused on the conduct of experiments and research in laboratories. • Industrial • Focused on the psychology of industry including operations, processes and human involvement and it has three subparts: • Health • It is the application of principles of psychology for the treatment and/or prevention of disease.
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