Final policy paper.docx - Oberhaus 1 Comprehensive Immigration Reform Exploring the Challenges Courses of Action Kaitlyn Oberhaus December 15th 2017 Dr

Final policy paper.docx - Oberhaus 1 Comprehensive...

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Oberhaus 1 Comprehensive Immigration Reform: Exploring the Challenges & Courses of Action Kaitlyn Oberhaus December 15 th 2017 Dr. Grant-Wisdom HONR268L
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Oberhaus 2 Comprehensive immigration reform refers to combining “increased border enforcement with legalization for unauthorized immigrants and the ability to bring in future workers needed by the U.S. labor market” (Comprehensive). A lack of comprehensive immigration reform has many consequences for the United States. Inaction negatively affects the economy, the agricultural industry, and the unemployment rate. A major inaction of the government was not passing the Senate Bill S.744, The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act. This Bill and the situation around it also shows the division in government and how the government and Congress is choosing inaction over a solution. Historically xenophobia, nativism, and racism have taken a negative toll on immigration reform and continue to do so today. President Trump has shown through executive actions that these things will shape his policy also. His executive actions add to policy inaction of comprehensive reform and negatively impact the rights of immigrants. To achieve comprehensive immigration reform, which includes both a Republican and Democratic strong viewpoint, there needs to be more compromise and less extremist policy. In June 2013, the Senate Bill S.744 was not passed. This bill focused on “harness[ing] the power of that tradition in a balanced way that secures a more prosperous future for America” by “committing the resources needed to secure the border, modernize and streamline our current legal immigration system, while creating a tough but fair legalization program for individuals who are currently here” (United States) (A Guide). This Bill was a bipartisan Bill drafted by the ‘gang of eight’ which were Senators Charles Schumer (D-NY), John McCain (R-AZ), Richard Durbin (D-IL), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Robert Menendez (D-NJ), Marco Rubio (R-FL), Michael Bennet (D-CO), and Jeff Flake (R-AZ) (A Guide). This bill would have started a new W visa program for less-skilled workers, merged the AgJobs and DREAM Acts into an RPI
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Oberhaus 3 program that allowed for more rapid citizenship, and expanded visas for foreign graduate students and entrepreneurs (A Guide). The economy is negatively impacted by this type of inaction on immigration reform due to the fact that “population growth strongly impacts economic growth” (Curtis). The Census Bureau predicts that between 2027 and 2038 birth rates in the United States will decline meaning that population growth will instead be caused by immigration (Curtis). “The government’s treatment of these existing migrants today will shape future immigration policies, which in turn will affect the US economy decades from now” (Curtis). An example of inaction negatively impacting the economy is Congress not passing the Senate Bill S.744. This bill would have increased the United States’ GDP by $80 billion by 2023 due to more jobs being filled by the immigrants meaning greater production rates (Economic Costs). This Bill would have also
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  • Fall '17
  • Dorith Grant-Wisdom

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