issue paper #2.docx - Duran 1 Elias F Duran HIST 105 13 April 2019 Was Racism Really Abolished The idea of race and racism has not always existed before

issue paper #2.docx - Duran 1 Elias F Duran HIST 105 13...

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Duran 1 Elias F. Duran HIST 105 13 April 2019 Was Racism Really Abolished? The idea of race and racism has not always existed, before the colonial period the idea of race was not a social issue. Do to the fact that race began as a social criticism, it is not stagnant, it changes with the world around us. In the colonial times “there was a need for inequality”. 1 This was because the social idea at the time, and still today is that the intelligent should govern over those who are not. From the 16 th to 19 th centuries society saw non-whites lower on the hierarchical scale than whites, but during the 16 th -17 th century the idea of race was just a part of life, some were born to rule and others were meant to serve, while during the 18 th -19 th century race was enhanced, and society became more violent between the opposing poles. In the 16 th -17 th century Aristotle’s Great Chain of Being was just a fact of life, and that nature determined who was at the top, and who was below that. 2 The ideology of Aristotle’s great chain of being led to the thought that blacks were created by humans mating with chimpanzees, further encouraging the idea that coloreds were lesser than whites. Beginning in the 16 th century, and in some cases even today people of a non-white race have been considered lower than that of white race. In the 4 th century Aristotle expressed the theory of the great chain of being. This theory gave a way to classify the world, using a natural hierarchical system. He believed that nature dictates the hierarchy of the world. At the top of this classification system were the Gods 1 Mary Kovel, Lecture, 3/9/2015. 2 Marks, Jonathan. “Great Chain of Being” in Encyclopedia of Race and Racism , ed. John H. Moore (Detroit: Macmillan Reference/Thomson Gale, 2008).
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Duran 2 and angels, and at the bottom were animals. This theory stated that people of white skin were
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