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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: Epidemiological Evidence for a Health Risk from Mobile Phone Base Stations Article in International journal of occupational and environmental health · July 2010 DOI: 10.1179/107735210799160192 · Source: PubMed CITATIONS 69 READS 2,472 6 authors , including: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: modeling for predction of thermal responses in extreme environments View project Rare Cancers & Occupational Exposures View project Lennart Hardell Örebro University Hospital 331 PUBLICATIONS 12,419 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Joris Everaert Research Institute for Nature and Forest 21 PUBLICATIONS 407 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Alicja Bortkiewicz Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine 104 PUBLICATIONS 729 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE Michael Carlberg Örebro University Hospital 86 PUBLICATIONS 4,160 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Alicja Bortkiewicz on 06 October 2016. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
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Human populations are increasingly exposed to microwave/radiofrequency (RF) emissions from wire- less communication technology, including mobile phones and their base stations. By searching PubMed, we identified a total of 10 epidemiological studies that assessed for putative health effects of mobile phone base stations. Seven of these studies explored the asso- ciation between base station proximity and neurobe- havioral effects and three investigated cancer. We found that eight of the 10 studies reported increased prevalence of adverse neurobehavioral symptoms or cancer in populations living at distances < 500 meters from base stations. None of the studies reported expo- sure above accepted international guidelines, suggest- ing that current guidelines may be inadequate in pro- tecting the health of human populations. We believe that comprehensive epidemiological studies of long- term mobile phone base station exposure are urgently required to more definitively understand its health impact. Key words : base stations; electromagnetic field (EMF); epidemiology; health effects; mobile phone; radiofrequency (RF); electromagnetic radiation. INT J OCCUP ENVIRON HEALTH 2010;16:263–267 INTRODUCTION Mobile phone base stations are now found ubiquitously in communities worldwide. They are frequently found near or on shops, homes, schools, daycare centers, and hospitals (Figure 1). The radiofrequency (RF) electro- magnetic radiation from these base stations is regarded as being low power; however, their output is continu- ous. 1 This raises the question as to whether the health of people residing or working in close proximity to base stations is at any risk. METHODS By searching PubMed and using keywords such as base station, mast, electromagnetic field (EMF), radiofre- quency (RF), epidemiology, health effects, mobile phone, and cell phone, and by searching the refer- ences of primary sources, we were able to find only 10 human population studies from seven countries that
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