Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields1).pdf - See discussions stats and author profiles for this publication at

Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields1).pdf

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 15 pages.

See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields1) Article in Reviews on environmental health · November 2013 DOI: 10.1515/reveh-2013-0016 · Source: PubMed CITATIONS 35 READS 419 1 author: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Hypothyroidism and PCB effects View project Neuroscience View project David Orlo Carpenter University at Albany, The State University of New York 584 PUBLICATIONS 29,465 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by David Orlo Carpenter on 30 January 2014. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
Image of page 1
DOI 10.1515/reveh-2013-0016 Rev Environ Health 2013; 28(4): 159–172 Review David O. Carpenter* Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields 1) Abstract: Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) include every- thing from cosmic rays through visible light to the electric and magnetic fields associated with electricity. While the high frequency fields have sufficient energy to cause can- cer, the question of whether there are human health haz- ards associated with communication radiofrequency (RF) EMFs and those associated with use of electricity remains controversial. The issue is more important than ever given the rapid increase in the use of cell phones and other wire- less devices. This review summarizes the evidence stating that excessive exposure to magnetic fields from power lines and other sources of electric current increases the risk of development of some cancers and neurodegenera- tive diseases, and that excessive exposure to RF radiation increases risk of cancer, male infertility, and neurobehav- ioral abnormalities. The relative impact of various sources of exposure, the great range of standards for EMF expo- sure, and the costs of doing nothing are also discussed. Keywords: cancer; cell phones; male fertility; power lines. 1) From: Conference on Corporate Influences on Fracking, Food and Wireless. *Corresponding author: David O. Carpenter, MD, 5 University Place, Room A217, Rensselaer, NY 12144, USA, Phone: +518-525-2660, Fax: +518-525-2665, E-mail: [email protected] David O. Carpenter: Institute for Health and the Environment, University at Albany, NY, USA Introduction Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are packets of energy that have no mass. The form of EMFs we all know best is visible light. We distinguish red from violet because the EMFs that we see as red have a longer wavelength than those we see as violet, and the visual pigments in our retina dis- tinguishes these colors on the basis of the wavelength. All EMFs travel at the speed of light, and are basically sine waves of different frequencies. As such, an EMF that is of low frequency has a long wavelength, while those with a high frequency have a short wavelength. The energy of a particular EMF is a function of its frequency, such that the higher the frequency the greater the energy. Figure 1 shows the electromagnetic spectrum.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 15 pages?

  • Fall '17

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors