Theories of Crime.docx - Running head THEORIES OF CRIME 1 Case Study Theories of Crime Name Institution THEORIES OF CRIME 2 Case Study Theories of Crime

Theories of Crime.docx - Running head THEORIES OF CRIME 1...

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Running head: THEORIES OF CRIME 1 Case Study: Theories of Crime Name Institution
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THEORIES OF CRIME 2 Case Study: Theories of Crime The rampant waves of crimes have triggered discussions on how they could be possibly prevented. These discussions have been particularly orchestrated by the observation that, despite a number of interventions, desired outcomes are yet to be realized. In the attempt to inform the practice, various theories have been developed, which altogether elicit the question of what the most consistent theory could be. To test the theories, a case of criminal behavior is considered. In the case, a 14-year-old boy from a poor background, walking from school approaches a convenience store. Noticing that the guard was not alert, he tries to steal a bottle of juice but is caught. The aim of this paper is to apply the four theories, the leaning theory, strain theory, control theory, and rational choice theory, to account for the case criminal behavior. Learning theory The learning theory posits that human behaviors are not innate but learned. The learning process, in this case, occurs on the course of socialization. Therefore, depending on the nature of the intervening social environment, an individual will develop deviant or moral behaviors (Özdemir & Özkan, 2017). The differential association theory is perhaps one of the most popular learning theories for explaining crime. According to this theory, people develop moral or deviant behaviors depending on the group that they socialize with (Nicholson & Higgins, 2017). For instance, if one socializes with people who ascribe to moral behaviors, they will learn their behavior and end up being moral. In the same way, if an individual associated with deviant groups of people, they will learn bad behaviors and end up being deviant. Relating the differential association theory to the case study creates the allowance to assert the boy could have engaged in the criminal behavior of stealing the orange juice because he associated with people who approve of such behaviors and who might have also provided an
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THEORIES OF CRIME 3 opportunity for him to learn and nurture them.
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