Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers.pdf - MODIFIERS In a clear logical sentence you will find most ​modifiers​ right next to the words they describe

# Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers.pdf - MODIFIERS In a clear...

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MODIFIERS In a clear, logical sentence, you will find most modifiers right next to the words they describe: The waitress served Gilbert a plate of gray meatloaf sauced with lumpy gravy .
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies / describes. Because of the separation, sentences with this error often sound awkward, ridiculous, or confusing. If too much distance separates a modifier and its target (what the modifier is trying to modify), the modifier is misplaced : Sauced with lumpy gravy , the waitress served Gilbert a plate of gray meatloaf. The waitress is sauced with lumpy gravy? That's not logical! If the sentence fails to include a target (what the modifier is trying to modify), the modifier is dangling : Studying the unappetizing plate of food , all appetite was lost. We assume that Gilbert is the one studying the plate, but notice that he doesn't appear in the sentence. Thus, studying the unappetizing plate of food has no target to modify.
Rules for Finding and Fixing Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Understand the problem. Think of modifiers as arrows shot from a bow and the words they describe as bull's-eyes (targets). For clear, logical sentences, writers aim modifiers so that they strike as close to the intended targets as possible. Sneering with superiority, Roland drank iced tea from a crystal glass that sparkled in the afternoon sun .

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• Spring '13
• Vetere

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