notes - Medieaval Charlemagne forbade the conquered Saxons...

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Medieaval Charlemagne forbade the conquered Saxons to cremate corpses on pain of death. The place in which a Christian was  buried was considered holy ground, but patrons or spiritual dignitaries were entombed in churches in token of distinction.  Every Christian was to be buried in consecrated ground, but if special emergencies, like war or shipwreck, necessitated a  burial in unconsecrated ground, the grave had to be provided with a cross. The dead was washed, dressed in linen or  penitential robes, or, in case of one in holy orders, in official dress. On the day of the funeral he was carried by his peers,  the layman by laymen, and the clergy by clergy, first to the church, where mass was celebrated, and afterward to the  grave, in which he was laid, with his face turned toward the East. Various ceremonies had their meaning; the holy water 
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