Soc 100 - Sociology 100 Readings Blue Book Economic Social...

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Sociology 100 Readings  Blue Book 18/09/2007 16:15:00 Factors that lead to the Emergence of Sociological Theory Intellectual Economic Social Political Intellectual The Enlightenment-truth is based on science not religion. Breaking from the  church.  The Counter-Enlightenment- science has to do with analyzing the material  world and religion is the truth. Pushed for the importance of religion in the  church and society. We need these institution because if you let individuals  run society it will be chaos.  Differentiation of Social Sciences with in the University- Physiology,  Sociology. Economic  Expansion of Commerce and Markets Industrialization Social Urbanization Decline of Local Communities  Political Rise of bureaucratic nation states Decline in the power of the church Feminism  Result
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Sociology comes along and tries to make an attempt to explain the social  chaos Augeste Comte 1798-1857 Evolution of world views and societies o Theological o Metaphysical o Scientific/positive Coined the term “sociology” queen of the sciences Harriet Martineau 1802-1876 Developed principals and methods of empirical social research-first one to  talk about sociological methods and how we do it. Karl Marx 1818-1883 “Historical materialism”- Belivies history moves forward. What drives that  forward motion of history is real material stuff that is related to production or  how humans produce or labor. Argues that he is taking issue with his  colleague Hagal. History moves forward with real material culture through  humans production of babies and work The touchstone for all subsequent sociological work How these factors led to the Birth of Sociology As the economic, social and political change in Europe became more  dramatic in the 19 th  century. There was an interest in assessing that social  change scientifically, based on Enlightenment thinking, and a belief that the  institutional and collective perspective must be considered, based on the  Counter-Enlightenment perspective. Sociology became the specialized form  of assessing social change, drawing from earlier social science disciplines,  such as history, economics, psychology, and anthropology. 
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Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Slide 2 Marx agrees with Hegal that conflict is the basis of social change, but….  Hegal thought it was a conflict of ideas, Marx thinks it is a conflict over the  material and production.  Slide 3 Those who own the means of prodction dominate the workers. Bourgeoisie- people who own the capital- factories-dominate workers
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Chen during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Soc 100 - Sociology 100 Readings Blue Book Economic Social...

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