This brief paper will aim to look at the causes and consequences that led to the formation of the North Korean community in Japan and also focus on the broader theme of the social, political and cultural dynamics between Japan and North Korea. Last year, when the political tensions from North Korea were running high, this Chongryon community not only acted as a refuge for North Korean advocates but also served as a de facto embassy for North Korea in Japan (Sertic, 2017). The purpose of this research is to comprehend the living conditions for people of the Chongryon community when their chosen leader Kim Jong-Un threatened the world and the region of nuclear annihilation whilst living under growing right-wing nationalism in Japan. History of the Chongryon community The first generation of Koreans in Japan was brought as forced cheap labour during the colonial era (Morris-Suzuki, 2007). This was the formation of the Korean community in Japan and by the end of World War II, the community had increased to 2.3 million (Sertic, 2017). This sizeable community were left with no identity after Japan had seized control of both Taiwan and Korea. After the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty, Japan was forced to give up their control of both Taiwan and Korea, but this still did not determine the identity of the stateless Korean community (Tsunemoto, 2001). Therefore the remaining options were (a) to return to either North or South Korea, (b) to become a naturalized this Japanese or (c) to stay in Japan without the citizenship and rights are given to Japanese citizens. About most of the Koreans in Japan returned to the Korean peninsula, whilst many stayed back because of the devastation caused by the Korean War or they had no one to receive them in Korea (Morris-Suzuki, 2007). However, by accepting the Japanese citizenship it would also mean disowning the Korean culture and birthright. This remained the resounding reason as to why the remaining people of the community chose to stay back in Japan without citizenship and entitlement to rights (Morris-Suzuki, 2007)(Sertic, 2017). However, as Sertic points put in his dissertation Koreans in Japan thus formed the Zainichi community where some people of the community accepted Kim Song II as their leader, others pledged their allegiance to South Korea. In order to command a strong influence internationally and especially in Japan, the North Korean administration over the years sent aid to the community in Japan (Morris-Suzuki, 2007)(Redfish
Media, 2018). The part of the Zainichi community that pledged their allegiance to North Korea came under the name organizational name of Chongryon. This Chongryon community used the North Korean aid to build many schools and institutions, examples including the Jochongryuk school and Korea University (Jong-hyeon, 2011). These institutions basically became the means of North Korean propaganda in Japan as they focused on ethnic education and the preservation of the North Korean culture.