Nutrition_101_Review2

Nutrition_101_Review2 - Nutrition 101- Exam 2 Review Know...

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Nutrition 101- Exam 2 Review Know the following acronyms and what they mean: ATP- adenosine triphosphate TCA- cycle ETC MEOS- Microsomal Eathanol-Oxidizing System: system of enzymes in the liver that oxidize alcohol/drugs BMI- Mody Mass Index BMR TEF EER LPL EDNOS Define the following and give examples where necessary: Anabolism (use energy): making of glycogen, triglycerides, protein. Catabolism (yield energy): breakdown of glycogen, triglycerides, protein Energy: Forms of energy and example for each form: heat, mechanical, electrical, chemical Enzymes: helps reactions Coenzymes: helps reactions Binge drinking: women: 4 drinks in a row; men: 5 drinks in a row BMI BMR Glucogenic amino acid v/s. ketogenic amino acid Deamination Feasting v/s.fasting 1
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Ketone bodies Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge Eating Disorder Disordered Eating 1.ENERGY METABOLISM Know very generally the structure of ATP (3 phosphate groups, high energy bond between them) Why is ATP important? For the cycles- Glycolysis, TCA, ETC, Cori cycle, fatty acid oxidation, deamination know the following: Where does the cycle occur? What compound/ molecule does it begin with? What is/are the end product(s) of the cycle or pathway? What is the anaerobic Pathway? Outline the cycle- where does it occur? What compound/ molecule does it begin with? What is the end product? When does the body use the alternative/ anaerobic process? What are the outcomes of: Excess carbohydrate consumption? Excess fat consumption? Excess protein consumption? Alcohol abuse? Outline the process of short term fasting Outline the process of long term fasting Enlist the symptoms of starvation 2. ALCOHOL What is the chemical name of the alcohol present in alcoholic beverages? Ethanol How much energy does 1 gram of alcohol yield? 7 kcal/g 2
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What is the dietary guideline for Americans with respect to alcohol consumption?: women: 1 drink per day; men: 2 drinks per day Role of alcohol dehydrogenase: break down alcohol in body. Converts alcohol to acetaldehyde Explain why “moderate” alcohol use is defined differently for men and women- women produce less
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Nutrition_101_Review2 - Nutrition 101- Exam 2 Review Know...

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