Symbols in Trifles.pdf - A STUDY OF SYMBOLS IN SUSAN...

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8 A STUDY OF SYMBOLS IN SUSAN GLASPELL’S TRIFLES Maisarah Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum Jombang [email protected] Abstrak There are many symbols presented in Susan Glaspell’s Trifles . In this article, the analysis is derived from the concept of symbols and characters. The analysis of the significance of the symbols and what they stand for are conducted through the symbolic names, objects, actions and settings. Besides symbolic name, symbolic object also plays a big part in the development of symbols. The examples of physical objects are the rocking chair, the cherry preserves, the quilt, the birdcage and the bird. The examples of symbolic actions are the rocking back and forth movement after killing the husband, the movement from the rocking chair to the ordinary one, and the saving of the dead bird and the husband corpse. The examples of symbolic setting are the time and location. The time of the story happens in winter and the location is in kitchen. Glaspell uses symbolism to stress the condition of women at that time. She wanted to describe that something trivial means very important if someone would see it deeper. Key words: symbolic name, symbolic object, symbolic action, symbolic setting INTRODUCTION In the nineteenth century women’s right in the United States had not been granted. The era saw the emergence of several prominent female literary figures, two of which included Kate Chopin and Fanny Fern. Like many other women writers, Chopin and Fern wrote inequality of the sexes and the inability of women to live their own lives without reliance on man. In this way, they helped pave the way of female writers of the twentieth century Glaspell, who struggled with similar themes and concerns, inherited a rich legacy from these women ( ,retrieved 29 May 2005). Susan Keating Glaspell is an interesting example of the late nineteenth century female writer. She “came of age” about the same time American writing moved from regionalism to modernism and she helped found the modern movement to American drama
9 (http:, retrieved 29 May 2005). Susan Glaspell’s Trifles is one-act play whose seemingly casual surface belies the strong feelings of its characters and the play ultimate impact. It illustrates the willingness of women to act allies in times of crisis. It is significantly different from other plays even those written by women betray their own sex. Instead, the women in Trifles demonstrate their sympathy with and understanding of another women’s plight when they are confronted with her violent retaliation against her husband’s domination and brutality (Kriegel, 1975: 33).

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