TOWARDS THE UNDERSTANDING OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN CONFLICT AMONG NILOTIC PASTORALISTS.docx - 1.1 Introduction A conflict has generally been defined as a

TOWARDS THE UNDERSTANDING OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN CONFLICT AMONG NILOTIC PASTORALISTS.docx

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1.1 Introduction A conflict has generally been defined as a situation in which two or more parties strive to acquire the same scarce resources at the same time. Conflict is an existing state of disagreement or hostility between two or more people (Nicholson, 2012). By this, it means two or more parties do not have an accord and are as such on two different parallels on the same issue. It thus suggests the pursuit of incompatible goals. Put differently, conflict means collision course; it also refers to opposition to existing view, stand, or position. In politics, conflict is more explicitly defined. Conflict is said to exist when two or more groups engage in a struggle over values and claims to status, power and resources in which the aims of the opponents are to neutralize, injure or eliminate the rivals (Jeong, 2010). Conflict is a demonstration of cross-purposes of distinct or similar political groups which often ends in political violence, and political violence, when contextualized in the Weberian sense, according to Anifowose, in his Violence and Politics in Nigeria (1982), is an acceptable weapon to ventilate anger. Conflict may also connote hostility or physical confrontation (Jeong, 2010). When goal incompatibility or perception/value differences reach a crescendo, a manifestation of actual hostility or clashes is possible. In general literature, conflict is interchangeably used with other terms. This is where it becomes pertinent to mention words or terms that represent synonyms of conflict. These include contrast, disharmony, discord, struggle, contest, strife, antagonism, controversy, clash, rivalry, contest, contention, brawl, fisticuff, fight, battle, feud, combat and war. In politics, it is not too dissimilar; however, conflict technically means an existing state of disconnect between two or more parties on a prevailing issue
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1.2 Causes of Conflict
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