DATA OF OOP.docx - Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming Contents 1 1 Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming 2 2 An Object-Oriented Class 3 3

DATA OF OOP.docx - Introduction to Object-Oriented...

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Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming Contents 1. 1 Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming 2. 2 An Object-Oriented Class 3. 3 An Object 4. 4 Encapsulation 5. 5 Inheritance 6. 6 Polymorphism 1. 6.1 Over-Riding 2. 6.2 Over-Loading 7. 7 Abstract Classes 8. 8 Object-Oriented Analysis and Design 1. 8.1 Why use the object-oriented approach? 2. 8.2 The Waterfall Model 3. 8.3 The Spiral Model 4. 8.4 The Object-Oriented Design Model 5. 8.5 An Example Design Problem 9. 9 OOP Assessments Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is the term used to describe a programming approach based on objects and classes . The object-oriented paradigm allows us to organise software as a collection of objects that consist of both data and behaviour. This is in contrast to conventional functional programming practice that only loosely connects data and behaviour. Since the 1980s the word 'object' has appeared in relation to programming languages, with almost all languages developed since 1990 having object-oriented features. Some languages have even had object-oriented features retro-fitted. It is widely accepted that object-
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