#41341.doc - GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 1 Is genetically Modified Foods Safe to Eat Name Affiliation Course Tutor Date GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 2

#41341.doc - GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 1 Is genetically...

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GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 1 Is genetically Modified Foods Safe to Eat? Name Affiliation Course Tutor Date
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 2 Genetically modified food is a term used to describe food derived from the field of science known as biotechnology. In order to produce this food some genetic manipulations are done for the modification of the original food to occur. Although it sounds like a new food to many people, genetically modified food has been there since the time farming was introduced. Traditionally, food has been undergoing genetically modification naturally through the process of pollination and in some occasions with human intervention to get the desired quality of food. The difference between the two type of technologies are that the new genetically modified food are mostly derived from crosses which cannot occur naturally while the traditional one occurs within the same species of plants which can freely breed. To highlight the process on how genetically modified food is produced in a simple language, it involves cutting DNA, stitching this DNA into a foreign organism (plants or animals), manipulation of this DNA to start making protein in the new organism, and finally to modify proteins (SOT, 2003). If the whole process is successful, the desired foreign characteristics are transferred into the new organism and the food products from such will be genetically modified food. Examples of such food include: corn, soybeans, and cotton (Amy, 2014; SOT, 2003). However, genetically modified food is surrounded by controversy regarding their safety for human consumption. One of the main concerns about this food is whether the foreign gene in the food can be integrated to the human DNA once eaten. Other concerns are whether there can be an antibiotic resistance from the antibiotic markers, the transfer of allergens and other long– term health complications. To carry out the debate, i will analyze the debate from both scientists and anti-genetically modified food point of view. Opponents of genetically modified food mostly base their debate on
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD 3 myths and believe while scientist use facts collected from lengthy research they conduct. Scientists and government regulators believe that genetically modified food presents no food safety issues. Opponents of these foods disagree with this arguing that there is insufficient evidence to prove the safety of genetically modified food and therefore genetically modified food is not safe for human consumption. Those in favor of genetically modified food base their arguments on the following facts: There will be more food from genetically modified plants. These plants can withstand long dry spell, cold seasons and resist diseases. Therefore, farmers will be assured of maximum harvest throughout the year. This food will be used to sustain the high population growth in the world which is expected to hit a 2 billion mark by 2050 and reduce poverty (Matin, 2009). Supporters argue that modern technology of making food is better than the old conventional method. Their
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