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Review of the Air Force Academy No 1 (28) 2015 163 Employees are consequently caught between a rock and a hard place. On the one hand, they need to leave work in due time; on the other hand, they must meet their employer’s requirements. And besides incomplete tasks, the result is stress . 23% of employees in EU complain about anxiety states and fatigue. This number has significantly increased in the last decade. The work schedule shows that, for example, 47% of employees in EU work on Saturday, 24% work on Sunday and 18% at night. To be more specific, 28% of employees complain about stress and 23% about fatigue. [5] According to European-wide opinion poll 72% of employees believe the most common reason of work-related stress is reorganization of the positions and job insecurity. 66% think that stress is caused by the number of working hours or to the workload. 59% think that stress arises from the exposure to unacceptable behaviour like bullying and harassment. 51% of all employees have stated that work-related stress is a common problem in their workplace. 4 out of 10 employees think that the problem of stress in the workplace has not been solved properly. [10] INTRODUCTION Experts in various fields have written and introduced many scientific and professional publications about stress in the workplace and its effects on employees within organizations. It is therefore appropriate to ask: “Why should we return to this issue?” There are several reasons. On the one hand, the realization of harmful effects of stress on employees in the workplace has been proclaimed, but on the other hand, the effects and consequences of stress on employees have not been respected. The current nature of work requires faster work, more work and high-quality work. This is a simple summary of the present reality in Slovakia. Employers generally require a high performance as to the quality and quantity of work. The employees from the rest of the European Union countries experience the similar problems. According to the study of the European Fund for the Improvement of Life and Work, over 20% of employees in EU complain about the fact that they are not able to meet a deadline. The legislation increases a number of hours spent at work. On the contrary, the employers tighten the pace of work. STRESS IN THE WORKPLACE – SOURCES, EFFECTS AND COPING STRATEGIES Jaroslav NEKORANEC, Miroslav KMOŠENA Armed Forces Academy of General M. R. Štefánik Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia Abstract: The article content is focused on the problems of stress in the workplace. The authors will define the most common sources of work-related stress, their effects on employees’ performance, physical and mental health. The authors emphasize the stress factors emerging from the work environment, relationships in the workplace, culture within the organization and work atmosphere, role conflict, career advancement, and balancing work and personal life. In the second part of the article some stress coping strategies, such
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