Why did Lincoln chose him as his Vice President? Johnson was the only Southern Senator that stayed in the Union once the South began to secede. Johnson's plan for reconstruction was more lenient than Lincolns: he gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South. 8/30/19 March of 1865 - Freedmen's Bureau is put into place by Congress in order to help former slaves transition into being free people. Negotiates labor contracts, legalize marriages, locate lost relatives, distribute clothes, redistribute land by 40 acre tracts. Between March and June, they placed about 10,000 black families on these pieces of land. Black Codes - Laws that are passed by state Governments in the South to keep blacks subordinate to whites. For example, freed people were not allowed to own a gun. The state of Mississippi barred any black person to serve on a jury or make any insulting gestures toward white people.