09 parenting.rtf - parenting Rising costs of parenting alter approaches birth rates decline professional care grows Professional care provides for

09 parenting.rtf - parenting Rising costs of parenting...

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Unformatted text preview: parenting Rising costs of parenting alter approaches: birth rates decline professional care grows Professional care provides for constraints and supports: Peers and prof. standards constrain displays of rage. Peers and training lighten caregiver loads. But, is the modern family a threat? No: single gay step crime rate by parenting approach Is the modern family a threat? … except economic insecurity, stress, exclusion from professional development disenfranchisement what’s healthy for kids? (constructs as objects) (p. 33) parenting matters to home life and to connecting kids to: good genes, supportive peers And then there’s financial security … 1930s: ADC as support for unwed motherhood, widowhood abandonment poverty as root of misery protection from low-paying, high-firing employers, a wealthy state supporting full-time motherhood focus on poverty 20 years later, a drop in the teen fertility rate motherhood as adulthood, for lack of alternative The ultimate contraceptive? college prospects Moms keep most baby-fathers, parents out of their homes, to secure safety, independence strive to do better, take responsibility TANF helps close gap between wages and bills, by a little costs of employment > wages TANF, by contrast, includes health insurance cash payout per congress = $xxx “Welfare Reform” (1996) mandated the practical need to combine wages + wage support while curtailing the support shift of compensation away from workers low wages, no other bread-winners, now little state support. crusades over parenting 1930s: ADC as support for unwed motherhood, widowhood abandonment poverty as root of misery child-oriented crusading targets working-class, single, teen parenthood: teen parenting single parenting welfare recipiency 1960s: New contraceptives Liberals argue for provision to youth by reversing poverty teen motherhood causal direction now focused on youth of teen moms, arguing against evidence that breeding while teenage makes them poor. integration of welfare Great Migration, CRM reduce exclusion from AFDC. drop in white approval of welfare White policy-makers revise view of it, from support of motherhood to feeding of addiction, arguing that welfare causes poverty. 1970s: crime, still poor moms fertility ⇩, with growth of single-motherhood only among well off ⇧ crime rates led many to see poor kids as threats by 1980s, neoVictorians: argue that not just teen sex but welfare (AFDC) inspires teen motherhood crusade against “welfare queen” 1980s-90s crusader talk: welfare/ charity as dangerous, unfair reconstruction of … … as unproductive addiction crusader talk: single moms as diseased, inhuman crusader talk: us vs. them (poor, unmarried) NeoVictorians reframe delinquency in individual terms individual frame — choices shaped by prior education/socialization, bad or absent fathering (soc frame — current group activities — social structure) welfare as addictive, in scholarly debate frames supported by institutions: crusades/think tanks/ public-relations firms vs. academic researchers crusader scholarship (think tanks) vs. science support from/loyalty to a crusade support for research, marketing not bound by peer review, sci’s competitive replication/debate the plot thickens … 1970s and 80s: divorce penalty and women’s shares of $ ...
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