100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 112 pages.
Wave 2 – LIO Impact Turn – CCPW
1NC – ShortThe LIO is declining now – the plan reverses that causing wars, economic decline, and poverty – but a new multipolar order solves existential risks Mearsheimer ’19(John J. Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago. “Bound to Fail The Rise and Fall of the Liberal International Order”, International Security Volume 43 | Issue 4 | Spring 2019, p.7-50, ) [HS]By 2019, it was clear that the liberal international orderwas indeep trouble. The tectonic plates that underpin it are shifting, and little can be done to repairand rescue it. Indeed, that order was destined to fail from the start, as it contained the seeds of its own destruction. The fall of the liberal international order horrifiesthe Western eliteswho built it and who have benefited from it in many ways.1 These elitesfervently believe that this order wasand remainsan important force for promoting peace and prosperityaround the globe. Many of them blame President Donald Trumpfor its demise. After all, he expressed contempt for the liberal order when campaigning for president in 2016; and since taking office, he has pursued policies that seem designed to tear it down. It would be a mistake, however, to think that the liberal international order is in trouble solely because of Trump’s rhetoric or policies. In fact, more fundamental problems are at play, which account for why Trump has been able to successfully challenge an order that enjoys almost universal support among the foreign policy elites in the West. The aim of this article isto determine why the liberal world order is in big trouble and to identify the kind of international order that will replace it. I offer three main sets of arguments. First, because states in the modern world are deeply interconnected in a variety of ways, orders are essential for facilitating efficient and timely interactions. There are different kinds of international orders, and which type emerges depends primarily on the global distribution of power. But when the system is unipolar, the political ideology of the sole pole also matters. Liberal international orders can arise only in unipolar systems where the leading state is a liberal democracy. Second, the United States has led two different orders since World War II. The Cold War order, which is sometimes mistakenly referred to as a “liberal international order,” was neither liberal nor international. It was a bounded order that was limited mainly to the West and was realist in all its key dimensions. It had certain features that were also consistent with a liberal order, but those attributes were basedon realist logic. The U.S.-led post–Cold War order, on the other hand, is liberal and international, and thus differs in fundamental ways from the bounded order the United States dominated during the Cold War.