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1.The Columbian exchange was the name given to this specific phenomenon by historians. Set into motion by Spanish conquest the Columbian exchange was a global ecological transformation caused by a vast intercontinental movement of plants, animals, and diseases. 2.Spain’s powerful enemies were the Protestants, people like Martin Luther. The religion of Spain was Catholicism so people criticizing and breaking from it was a big issue. Their animosity was based on and fueled by the Protestant Reformation. 3.A system of state-assisted manufacturing and trade became known as mercantilism. For a long time English weavers sold wool to European weavers. The English created their own textile industry around 1500. Merchants would purchase wool from estate owners, and Chapter 2Instructions: Please answer the 8 questions in bold face type, and 1 of your own choosing.1.What was the Columbian Exchange? IMAGES 2-92.Who were Spain’s “powerful enemies” and what was their enmity based upon? IMAGES 10-173.What was mercantilism, and how was it important for England?4.How did “social mobility [end] for Africans in Virginia in the 1660s?5.In brief, describe the history of New France? IMAGES 22-246.What was the most important trading commodity in both New France and New Netherland? IMAGES 25-277.In one sentence (could be a long one), describe the religious foundations of Massachusetts Bay Colony? In other words, how did religion shape the Puritans attitudes and worldview? IMAGES 28-308.Consider the conflicts that arose between English colonists and Indians in New England (The Pequot War and King Phillip’s War) – what would you say was the main issue at the heart of these conflicts? IMAGES 31-379.What were the sources of political and economic tension in colonial Virginia during the 1660s & 1670s? Specifically focus on the factors that lead to Bacon’s Rebellion. IMAGES 38-4110.What was the effect of English colonization on the native peoples of northeastern America in the seventeenth century? In other words, how did the world of the Indians change as a result of the arrival of the colonists?
then had peasants make it into cloth. The government helped textile entrepreneurs by having low wages and merchants by allowing them to sell in foreign markets. This stimulated England's economy and allowed for the population to grow from 3 million in 1500 to 5 million in 1630. Also, the queen reduced imports and increased exports which allowed for gold and silver to flow into England, further helping the economy.