14-part1-personality - Personality What is personality...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Personality. What is personality? Personality derives from the Latin word persona, which translates into English as, mask. In psychology, personality is defined as the ways in which behavior is consistent across situations and differs across individuals. The ancient Greeks believed that the predominance of one of four different, humors or, fluids determined personality. The learning approach. Some psychologists believe that the whole concept of personality is questionable. The learning approach relates specific behaviors to specific experiences. Often the experiences from which we learn are those of other people in our environment. We exhibit one set of behaviors when we interact with our parents, another with our coworkers, and yet another with our friends. For example, a gender role is a psychological aspect of being male or female that is largely learned. Sigmund Freud, and the Psychodynamic Approach. Freud, an austrian physician, developed the first psychodynamic theory of personality. Although Freud's theory had an enormous impact on society during the 20th century, his influence within psychology is waning. His theory is very difficult to test. Although many psychologists find nothing useful in the paradime, its tenets are still utilized by some mental health practitioners. Freud's Cartharsis theory involved two states. The concious mind which held acknowledged thoughts, memories, and emotions. And the unconcious mind, that held repressed thoughts, memories, and emotions.
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Sheet1 Page 2 Freud's stages of psychosexual development.
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