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Urban Renewal Professor Mike Owen Benediktsson Tuesday, October 3, 2017
Introducing… Robert Moses
Urban Renewal •Pushed for by social scientists, social workers, and public housing advocates. •Made possible by 1949 Housing Act •Combination of slum clearance and the creation of public housing, as well as public infrastructure and civicor cultural institutions. •Resulted in the destruction of more housing than it created. •Relied on use of eminent domain to claim private property, often to demolish existing buildings and develop the property from the ground up. •Requirements of eminent domain (5thAmendment): •For “Public Use” •For “Just Compensation” San Juan hill being cleared for Lincoln Center, 1959
Urban Renewal •Urban Renewal, 1930s – 1970s, New York City: •City or State (often with federal funding) cleared residential neighborhood for: •Bridges, highways, train stations, etc. •Museums, parks and performance spaces •Public housing projects
The Power Broker •Rose to power during era of broad corruption in city and state government, gaining reputation as modernizer and reformer. •Never elected to public office. •Chairman of State Parks Commission (1923-1933) •Built Jones Beach and Long Island Parkway System •Consolidated power under Mayor LaGuardia, occupying 12 positions simultaneouslyat state and city level. •What he did: •2,567,256 acres of New York State parkland •658 playgrounds in New York City •416 miles of parkways and 13 bridges •$27 billion of public works in the city and state Robert Moses
Moses’ Legacy BQE Cross-Bronx Staten Island Throg’s Neck Whitestone