The Immigrant Enclave / Urban Reformers Professor Mike Owen Benediktsson Friday, September 8, 2017
Urbanization and its Discontents 1. The Urban State of Mind •Segmented Roles •Antipathy and Pathology •Social Disorganization Theory 2. The Reformers •The Social Problems of the Urban Village •The Settlement House Movement •Jacob Riis •Reforming the Built Environment 3. Assimilation in the Immigrant Enclave •The Case for Forced Assimilation •Neighborhood as “Decompression Chamber”
Transitional Spaces and Urban Villages Transitional / Transient Spaces: •Areas close to urban core •Areas around major transportation hubs •Low social stability •Little social control •Impersonality / Anonymity Urban Villages: •Organized in bands around urban center •Insular, isolated culturally •High social stability •High social control •Intimate communities –like rural villages
Social Problems of the “Urban Village” Children / Youth Issues Alcoholism / Substance Abuse Street Gangs / Petty Crime / Violence Crowding and Concentrated Poverty èIncrease in Deviance, Crime, Social and Psychological Pathology 1880s: Rise in Middle-Class Awareness of Social Problems in NYC “Slums”
Jacob Riis Jacob Riis •Jacob Riis: “Muckraking” journalist •Chronicled crime, poverty, living conditions in and around “Mulberry Bend” •1890: Published “How the Other Half Lives,” drawing attention to urban poverty.