Short answer I Cold War Space RaceWhen/Where: 1955-1975, US and Soviet UnionWho: US and Soviet UnionWhat: Race between the US and SU to see who would advance in space first. The SovietUnion launched Sputnik I, the first space satellite into orbit. The SU was also the first to send a man into space, however, the US landed the first man on the moon. Why: Visible demonstration of scientific superiority. Whoever made the best advancement was the superior nation.Containment When/Where: 1946 through the cold warWho: coined by George Kennan (1946)What: communism must stay “contained” to the countries it had already taken overWhy: This is why the US got involved in Vietnam, to keep communism from spreadingKhrushchev When/Where: 1953-1964/RussiaWho: SU leader after StalinWhat: SU leaderWhy: Wanted the Soviet Union to be the most superior nation. Promoted the spread of communism. At the UN 1959, aggressively states his belief to non-communist nations that communism was backed by history and was going to succeed.
CIAWhen/Where: created in 1947/ USWho: Central Intelligence AgencyWhat: Gather and analyze national security information. During the cold war, they manipulated democracy to get US backed leaders electedWhy: By getting US backed leaders elected, it helped the US against the SU and the spread of communismCuban Missile CrisisWhen/Where: 1963/ US and Cuba Who: US and Soviet UnionWhat: US discovered the Soviet union building missile battery sites and missiles on ships en route to Cuba. Kennedy announced this publicly and put a blockade on Cuba.