WRA 135 test 2 - Ickes 1 Justin Ickes WRA 135 T-2(Hasta la...

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Ickes 1 Justin Ickes WRA 135 3/24/2008 T-2 (Hasta la Vista—Baby) 1. To begin my explanation of this question I would like to explain what the meaning of the word “subversive” is and compare it to Giroux and the ultimate meaning that he is striving to achieve in chapter seven. According to dictionary.com something that is subversive is anything that can be seen as opposition towards a civil authority or government. So according to Chomsky the social and intellectual aspects of the university should oppose a civil authority or government in a healthy society. This statement agrees to a point with Giroux’s intentions. Giroux can be quoted saying that “I believe that intellectuals who work in our nation’s universities should represent the conscience of this society because they not only shape the conditions under which future generations learn about themselves and their relations to others and the outside world, but also because they engage pedagogical practices that are by their very nature moral and political, rather than simply cost-effective and technical.” In simpler words Giroux is saying that he believes that the faculty of institutions of higher education need to stick to their roots because students need to be able to correlate themselves with the world outside and learn in an atmosphere that engages practices that can ask students to form moral and political decisions and take sides on current events and also in events that will affect their futures. But Giroux isn’t saying that current practices need to oppose civil authority or government, but rather that the system needs to be modified so that it centers on these topics rather than items that are merely cost-effective or technical. He also says that organizing against the corporate takeover of higher
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Ickes 2 education is important to protect the jobs of the faculty and to make sure that the power of these institutions rests where it belongs; in the hands of the faculty and students. 2. Tension is important in society because there are always people who will benefit from the tension and others who will suffer. The vital thing to remember is that those who suffer will strive to get to the point of benefiting. What Giroux is saying in this quote is that Universities need to be both a public good and institutions of critical learning. The tension present between these two areas in higher education will help to make sure that the pendulum doesn’t sway too far towards either side of the spectrum. In a sense this tension is like the separation on power that is present in the government of the United States. This separation of power ensures that the President has equal power to congress and to the Supreme Court, giving each branch specific areas that they excel in, but not giving any branch more power than another. This tension helps to suggest that education is not training, and that educators need to prevent commercial values from shaping higher education.
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