Toyota Motor CorporationIntroductionToyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquarteredin Toyota, Aichi, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employeesworldwide and, as of September 2018, was the sixth-largest company in the world by revenue.As of 2017, Toyota is the largest automotive manufacturer. Toyota was the world's firstautomobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year which it has donesince 2012, when it also reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle. As of July 2014,Toyota was the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization (worth more than twiceas much as number 2-ranked SoftBank) and by revenue.Toyota is the world's market leader in sales of hybrid electric vehicles, and one of the largestcompanies to encourage the mass-market adoption of hybrid vehicles across the globe. Toyotais also a market leader in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles. Cumulative global sales of Toyota andLexus hybrid passenger car models achieved the 10 million milestone in January 2017. Its Priusfamily is the world's top-selling hybrid nameplate with over 6 million units sold worldwide as ofJanuary 2017.Innovations of the Toyota1.Partner robot program: Since 2011, the Toyota Motor Corporation has run a ‘PartnerRobot ‘programmed, which builds robots that provide solutions to some of life’sannoyances and hardships. Comprising four categories – Medical and Welfare Support,Mobility Support, Life Support and Work Support – a series of robots have been inventedunder the program, including the Human Support Robot (HSR) – a robotized butler thataims to improve the quality of people’s lives around the home. There is also the WalkTraining Assist and Balance Training Assist robots, which are designed to assist in therehabilitation process of injured hospital patients.2.Kirobo in Space:Kirobo is a cute 34cm-tall robot whose human face recognitionsoftware was devloped with the help of Toyota in Japan. He provided companionship toastronaut Kochi Wakata of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) on amission which launched from the Tanegashima Space Centre in Japan, in August 2013.During the mission, Kirobo became the first robot ever to speak in space. He said: “OnAugust 21, 2013, a robot took one small step towards a brighter future for all.”3.Integrated safety technology:Last year saw the development of two key safetytechnologies from TMC – the Pre-Collision System with Steer Assist and AutomatedHighway Driving Assist. Designed to take evasive action to avoid a crash autonomously,the Pre-Collision System with Steer Assist uses radar detection to spot pedestrians andother hazards – day and night – and then initiates alerts and automatic braking and,where appropriate, automatic steering to reduce the risk of an accident.