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Advanced Information Management and the Application of TechnologyHealth information systemsName Institutional Affiliation
Features that can be Integrated in HIS to achieve patient-centered careInformation technology can facilitate patient-centered care by providing a means for patients to provide crucial information about themselves such as use of electronic medical records (EMR).Informatics tools can help clinicians integrate information they derive from clients with their medical knowledge to improve patient care. Communication tools and information resources can be used by both patients and clinicians to foster better interaction and eliminate information bias.Personal health records (PHRs) are electronic tools used by individual patients to store and share medical information. PHRs facilitate better patient self management. Respecting patient’s values, preferences, and expressed needs can be achieved by involving patients in decision-making. Patient-centered care is achieved by treating patients with respect and dignity.
How HIS Supports Quality CareHealth information systems have decision making tools used in the assessment of patients to prevent adverse effects, for instance, EMR can be used to assess patients with drug allergies.HIS has imaging and monitoring tools that can be used in better diagnosis of patients’ illnesses. Imaging tools such as mammograms can detect cancers better than human observation.HIS also has planning tools such as the Computerized Physician Order Entry which helps in medical administration and prevents human errors such as over treatment which can result in adverse effects on patients. HIS assist nurses with implementation of medical services through its analytical capabilities. Drug trial participation and other parameters can help nurses with actionable information for implementation of mitigation measures.HIS includes evaluation tools which can be used to manage preventable diseases. Nurses can use evaluation tools for screening examinations to test and managing of at-risk patients.
Human Factors in HIS Documentation and InputThere are human factors such as fatigue and inaccuracy that can cause adverse effects such as medical errors and near misses in patient care. HIS tools such as CPOE aid nurses in preventing near misses and providing proficient patient care.Lack of proper communication between physicians and nurses often leads to medical errors or near misses in patient medical administration. HIS prevents such errors through facilitating timely information sharing between clinicians..Complacency is a human factor which can cause medical errors. It involves over confidence in patterns of recognition and failure to recognize a unique case.