Course Hero Logo

9. SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY 604 10-19.pptx - Social...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 14 out of 56 pages.

SocialCognitiveTheoryCOH 604
OriginatorAlbert Bandura, Ph.D.Bandura obtained his Ph.D.from the University of Iowain 1952. In 1953, Bandurawas offered a position atStanford University.
ApproximateYear of OriginThe Social CognitiveTheory (SCT) stemmedfrom the Social LearningTheory (SLT), which has arich historical backgrounddating back to the late1800's. Albert Bandurafirst began publishing hiswork on SLT in the early1960's. In 1986, Banduraofficially launched theSCT with his book SocialFoundations of Thoughtand Action: A SocialCognitive Theory.
Circumstances that led to thedevelopment of the TheoryThe SCT has its origins in the disciplineof psychology, with its early foundationbeing laid by behavioral and socialpsychologists. The SLT evolved underthe umbrella ofbehaviorism,which is acluster of psychological theoriesintended to explain why people andanimals behave the way that they do.
BehaviorismBehaviorism, introduced by JohnWatson in 1913, took an extremelymechanistic approach to understandinghuman behavior. According to Watson,behavior could be explained in terms ofobservable acts that could be describedbystimulus-response sequences(Crosbie-Brunett and Lewis, 1993;Thomas, 1990). Also central tobehaviorist study was the notion thatcontiguity between stimulus andresponse determined the likelihood thatlearning would occur.
Stimulus-responsepathway
The ‘SocialSelf'William James in 1890,whose notion of the 'socialself' laid the foundation forthe modern SLT tenet of theinteraction betweenpersonal factors and theenvironment.Kurt Lewin (1890-1947),who extended Gestaltist'sfield theory by initiating ashift in psychology from afocus on the individual to afocus on processesbetween individuals
AdlerAlfred Adler (1870-1937) posited that aperson's behavior ispurposeful andmotivated by a pursuitof goals.the importance ofone's perception of, andattitude toward, theenvironment assignificant influences onbehavior.
Tolman: Cognitions
The Social LearningTheory (SLT)The Social Learning Theory (SLT)was officially launched in 1941 withMiller and Dollard's publication ofSocial Learning and Imitation.Their SLT incorporated theprinciples of learning:reinforcement, punishment,extinction, and imitation of models.Their book was written toexplain howanimals and humansmodel observed behaviors,which then became learnedthrough environmentalreinforcements.
Julian RotterJulian Rotter introduced the ideas of learningfrom generalized expectancies of reinforcementand internal/ external locus of control (self-initiated change versus change influenced byothers).According to Rotter, health outcomes could beimproved by the development of a sense ofpersonal control over one's life.
RobertSearsRobert Searsfocused on howchildren internalizethe values, attitudes,and behaviorpredominant in theircultureParents fosterInternalization.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 56 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture