12.3 - Chapter 12 Reconstruction and Its Effects Section 3 The Collapse of Reconstruction I Opposition to Reconstruction A Most reaction to shattering

12.3 - Chapter 12 Reconstruction and Its Effects Section 3...

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Chapter 12: Reconstruction and Its EffectsSection 3: The Collapse of Reconstruction I.Opposition to ReconstructionA.Most reaction to shattering of Southern culture was indirect, still many whites reacted overtlyB.Ku Klux Klan1.Ku Klux Klan (KKK)—Confederate veterans group that turns terrorist2.Grows rapidly; aims to restore white supremacyC.Anti-Black Violence1.1868–1871 KKK, others kill thousands, burn schools, churches, homes2.KKK works to force Republican state governments out of power3.Southern Democrats use violence to intimidate black voters4.White Democratic candidates win back state elections in 1875, 1876D.Economic Pressure1.Black landowners, non-farmers attacked, have property destroyed2.Need forces freedmen into wage labor, sharecropping for whitesE.Legislative Response1.1870, 1871 Enforcement Acts passed to curtail KKKa)Supreme Court rules 1871 act unconstitutional2.KKK violence decreases because restore white supremacy in SouthF.Shifts in Political Power1.

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